What is arsenite?

Arsenite

In chemistry an arsenite is a chemical compound containing an arsenic oxoanion where arsenic has oxidation state +3.

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Some articles on arsenite:

Arsenite - Bacteria Using and Generating Arsenate
... of bacteria obtain their energy by oxidizing various fuels while reducing arsenates to form arsenites ... In 2008, bacteria were discovered that employ a version of photosynthesis with arsenites as electron donors, producing arsenates (just like ordinary photosynthesis uses ... In humans, arsenite inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH complex) in the pyruvate acetyl CoA reaction, and binds to the SH group of lipoamide, a participant coenzyme ...
Arsenite-transporting ATPase
... In enzymology, an arsenite-transporting ATPase (EC 3.6.3.16) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + H2O + arsenitein ADP + phosphate + arseniteout The 3 substrates of ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP phosphohydrolase (arsenite-exporting) ...
Arsenate Reductase (azurin)
... azurin) (EC 1.20.9.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction arsenite + H2O + 2 azurinox arsenate + 2 azurinred + 2 H+ The 3 substrates of this enzyme are arsenite, water, and azurinox ... This enzyme is also called arsenite oxidase ...
Sodium Arsenite
... Sodium arsenite refers to one of two compounds sodium meta-arsenite (NaAsO2) or sodium ortho-arsenite (Na3AsO3) ... The solid consists of sodium cations, Na+, and catena-arsenite anions, n− n, which are infinite -O-As(=O)- chains ...
Neurotoxin - Mechanisms of Activity - Cytoskeleton Interference - Arsenic
... As a metabolite of arsenic, arsenite is formed after ingestion of arsenic and has shown significant toxicity to neurons within about 24 hours of exposure ... The mechanism of this cytotoxicity functions through arsenite-induced increases in intracellular calcium ion levels within neurons, which may subsequently reduce mitochondrial transmembrane potential which ... Another known function of arsenite is its destructive nature towards the cytoskeleton through inhibition of neurofilament transport ...