Welsh Kingdoms - Subsistence

Subsistence

Much of the arable land is in the south, southeast, southwest, on Anglesey, and along the coast. However, specifying the ancient usage of land is problematic in that there is little surviving evidence on which to base the estimates. Forest clearance has taken place since the Iron Age, and it is not known how the ancient people of Wales determined the best use of the land for their particular circumstances, such as in their preference for wheat, oats, rye or barley depending on rainfall, growing season, temperature and the characteristics of the land on which they lived. Anglesey is the exception, historically producing more grain than any other part of Wales.

Animal husbandry included the raising of cattle, pigs, sheep and a lesser number of goats. Oxen were kept for ploughing, asses for beasts of burden and horses for human transport. The importance of sheep was less than in later centuries, as their extensive grazing in the uplands did not begin until the thirteenth century. The animals were tended by swineherds and herdsmen, but they were not confined, even in the lowlands. Instead open land was used for feeding, and seasonal transhumance was practiced. In addition, bees were kept for the production of honey.

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Other articles related to "subsistence":

Dual-sector Model - Theory - The Subsistence Sector
... In the model, the subsistence agricultural sector is typically characterized by low wages, an abundance of labour, and low productivity through a labour intensive production process ... is defined by higher wage rates as compared to the subsistence sector, higher marginal productivity, and a demand for more workers ...
Tlingit Cuisine - Salmon - Commercial and Subsistence Fishing
... fishermen to set aside a portion of their commercial salmon catch for subsistence or personal use, and today many families no longer fish extensively but depend on a ... Despite this, subsistence fishing is still widely practiced, particularly during weekend family outings ...
Agriculture In Namibia
... Domestic Product though 25% to 40% of Namibians depend on subsistence agriculture and herding ... on agricultural activities for livelihood, mostly in the subsistence sector ... Subsistence farming is mainly confined to the "communal lands" of the country's populous north, where roaming cattle herds are prevalent and the main crops are millet, sorghum, corn, and peanuts ...
Thomas Malthus
... indefinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce subsistence for man" ... Malthus wrote That the increase of population is necessarily limited by the means of subsistence, That population does invariably increase when the means of subsistence increase ...
Chunchucmil - Economy and Diet - Subsistence
... routes and a centralized marketplace, may have been critical to ancient subsistence at Chunchucmil ...

Famous quotes containing the word subsistence:

    All my life I have lived and behaved very much like [the] sandpiper—just running down the edges of different countries and continents, “looking for something” ... having spent most of my life timorously seeking for subsistence along the coastlines of the world.
    Elizabeth Bishop (1911–1979)

    The Roman rule was, to teach a boy nothing that he could not learn standing. The old English rule was, “All summer in the field, and all winter in the study.” And it seems as if a man should learn to plant, or to fish, or to hunt, that he might secure his subsistence at all events, and not be painful to his friends and fellow men.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    No genuine equality, no real freedom, no true manhood or womanhood can exist on any foundation save that of pecuniary independence. As a right over a man’s subsistence is a power over his moral being, so a right over a woman’s subsistence enslaves her will, degrades her pride and vitiates her whole moral nature.
    Susan B. Anthony (1820–1907)