Wealden Iron Industry

The Wealden iron industry was located in the Weald of south-eastern England. It was formerly an important industry, producing a large proportion of the bar iron made in England in the 16th century and most British cannon until about 1770. Ironmaking in the Weald used ironstone from various clay beds, and was fuelled by charcoal made from trees in the heavily wooded landscape. The industry in the Weald declined when ironmaking began to be fuelled by coke made from coal, which does not occur accessibly in the area.

Read more about Wealden Iron Industry:  Resources, Prehistoric Ironmaking, Roman Ironmaking, Medieval, Powered Bloomeries, The Introduction of The Blast Furnace, The Mature Industry

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Wealden Iron Industry - The Mature Industry
... The iron was used for making household utensils, nails and hinges and for casting cannon ... The industry was at its peak towards the end of Queen Elizabeth I's reign ... Weald became the centre of an armaments industry ...

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