Waterboarding

Waterboarding is a form of torture in which water is poured over the face of an immobilized captive, thus causing the individual to experience the sensation of drowning. Waterboarding can cause extreme pain, dry drowning, damage to lungs, brain damage from oxygen deprivation, other physical injuries including broken bones due to struggling against restraints, lasting psychological damage, and death. Adverse physical consequences can manifest themselves months after the event, while psychological effects can last for years. The term water board torture appears in press reports as early as 1976. Although a variety of specific techniques are used in waterboarding, the captive's face is usually covered with cloth or some other thin material, and the subject is immobilized on his/her back. Water is then poured onto the face over the breathing passages, causing an almost immediate gag reflex and creating the sensation that the captive is drowning.

In 2007 it was reported that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was using waterboarding on extrajudicial prisoners and that the Department of Justice had authorized the procedure, even though the United States government hanged Japanese soldiers for waterboarding US prisoners of war in World War II. The CIA confirms using waterboarding on three Al-Qaeda suspects, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Abu Zubaydah, and Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, in 2002 and 2003. During the presidency of George W. Bush, U.S. government officials at various times said they did not believe waterboarding to be a form of torture. To justify its use of waterboarding, the Bush administration issued classified legal opinions that argued for a narrow definition of torture under U.S. law, including the Bybee memo, which it later withdrew. In January 2009, President Barack Obama banned the use of waterboarding. In April 2009, the U.S. Department of Defense refused to say whether waterboarding is still used for training (e.g. SERE) purposes.

Read more about Waterboarding:  Technique, Mental and Physical Effects, Etymology, Classification As Torture, Examples in Fiction

Other articles related to "waterboarding":

Mancow Muller - Politics
... The talk show host had previously claimed that calling waterboarding "torture" was wrong, something he had stated that he hoped his reenactment would prove ... "It is way worse than I thought it would be, and that's no joke", and described waterboarding as "absolutely torture" ... South had no formal training in waterboarding and had never before performed the procedure, leading the online celebrity and gossip site Gawker to accuse Muller of faking the whole thing ...
Alicia Shepard - Torture Controversy
... word "torture" in their reporting about waterboarding, stating "No matter how many distinguished groups — the International Red Cross, the U.N ... High Commissioners — say waterboarding is torture, there are responsible people who say it is not ... Bush, former Vice President Cheney, their staff and their supporters obviously believed that waterboarding terrorism suspects was necessary to protect the nation's security ...
Waterboarding - Examples in Fiction
... Two films by French filmmaker Jean-Luc Godard feature waterboarding ... where main character Ferdinand Griffon is subjected to waterboarding by gangsters ...
Intelligence Authorization Act For Fiscal Year 2008 - Bill History - Anti-torture Provisions Inserted During Conference Committee
... tactics criticized as "torture" and "abusive" by civil liberties groups, including waterboarding ... Army Field manual, effectively banning waterboarding, exposure to extreme temperatures and other techniques used on War on Terror detainees after the Sept ... McCain also said that waterboarding was forbidden under current law but asked the Bush administration to clarify the matter by declaring it illegal ...
Nancy Pelosi - Political Positions - Waterboarding
... has stated that she opposes the interrogation technique of waterboarding ... Committee, she was told about enhanced interrogation techniques, including waterboarding authorized for a captured terrorist, Abu Zubaydah, in one hour-lo ... Pelosi stated, "In that or any other briefing…we were not, and I repeat, were not told that waterboarding or any of these other enhanced interrogation techniques were used ...