Wakefulness and Holy War

Wakefulness and Holy War is an Arab Sunni Muslim group that operates in and around Fallujah. They videotaped one of their attacks on American forces and sent it to an Iranian television on July 7, 2003. On the tape they said "Saddam and America are two sides of the same coin." They also stated they were carrying out more operations against American occupation in Fallujah and nearby cities.

Armed Iraqi Groups in the Iraq War and the Civil war in Iraq
Insurgents Now-defunct Ba'athist rebels and insurgents Iraqi Armed Forces and Police Militias and others

Nationalist Salafies

  • Islamic Army in Iraq (Al-Jaish Al-Islami fil-Iraq)
  • Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order (Naqshabandiya Army) Sufi/Sunni Naqshbandi Iraqis led by Saddam's former aide Izzat Ibrahim Ad-Douri. It is the largest insurgency group to be compromised of former Ba'athists and is known to have ties with former regime elements.
  • Jaish al-Mujahideen
  • Mujahideen Battalions of the Salafi Group of Iraq
  • Islamic Salafist Boy Scout Battalions (Kataab Ashbal Al Islam Al Salafi)
  • Mohammad's Army (aka Jeish Muhammad)
    A guerrilla group opposed to the coalition forces, composed primarily of Sunnis believed to have Ba'athist ties.

Pan-Arab Nationalists

  • Nasserites

Salafist jihadism

  • Islamic State of Iraq (till Nov '06, Mujahideen Shura Council)
    Umbrella organization and de facto state
    • Al Qaeda in Iraq
    • Jeish al-Fatiheen (Conquering Army)
    • Jund al-Sahaba (Soldiers of the Sahaba)
    • Katbiyan Ansar Al-Tawhid wal Sunnah (Brigades of Monotheism and Religious Conservatism)
    • Jeish al-Taiifa al-Mansoura (Army of the Victorious Sect)
    • Monotheism Supporters Brigades
    • Saray al-Jihad Group
    • al-Ghuraba Brigades
    • al-Ahwal Brigades
  • Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad
    A now-defunct militant organization led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi preceding AQI.
  • Jamaat Ansar al-Sunna (formerly Jaish Ansar al-Sunna)
  • Ansar al-Islam
  • Black Banner Organization (ar-Rayat as-Sawda)
  • Asaeb Ahl el-Iraq (Factions of the People of Iraq)
  • Wakefulness and Holy War
  • Abu Theeb's group
  • Jaish Abi Baker's group


  • Fedayeen Saddam ("Saddam's Men of Sacrifice")
    A paramilitary organization loyal to the former Ba'athist regime of Saddam Hussein.
  • The Return (al-Awda)
    composed of former Ba'ath Party officials, intelligence agents, former members of the Republican Guard, the Special Republican Gaurd and Fedayeen Saddam militia.
  • General Command of the Armed Forces, Resistance and Liberation in Iraq
  • Popular Army
  • New Return
  • Patriotic Front
  • Political Media Organ of the Ba‘ath Party (Jihaz al-Iilam al-Siasi lil hizb al-Ba'ath)
  • Popular Resistance for the Liberation of Iraq
  • Al-Abud Network
  • Iraqi Army
    The Iraqi Army is a component of the Iraqi Security Forces tasked with assuming responsibility for all Iraqi land-based military operations following the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
  • Iraqi Air Force
  • Iraqi Police
    The Iraqi Police are the organic civil police force of the Republic of Iraq. There are three main branches.
    • Iraqi Police Service (IPS): Responsible for the day to day patrolling of cities around most crimes.
    • National Police (NP): Paramilitary force for counterinsurgency, public disorder and counter terrorist tasks.
    • Supporting Forces: Remaining police organizations, primarily the Department of Border Enforcement (DBE).
  • Facilities Protection Service
    A paramilitary force responsible for protecting government buildings and facilities.

Shia militias

  • Mahdi Army (Jaish-i-Mahdi)(جيش المهدي)
    The Mahdi Army is a militia force created by the Iraqi Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in June of 2003, disbanded in 2008.
  • Abu Deraa's Mahdi Army faction
    In the fall of 2006, Abu Deraa and his supporters formed their own militia.
  • Badr Organization (originally Badr Brigade/Bader Corps) (منظمة بدر)
    The armed wing of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (SCIRI).
  • Sheibani Network
    Smuggling network and Insurgent group, which both supplies other insurgents and attacks coalition and Iraqi forces.
  • Soldiers of Heaven
    an armed Iraqi Shi'a sect.
  • Special Groups (Iraq) Iranian backed factions of the Mahdi Army which went on to become separate organisations which continued fighting after the Mahdi Army's disbanding.
    • Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq (League of the Righteous)
      The largest Special Group, led by Qais Khazali and later Akram al-Kabi.
    • Promised Day Brigades
      The Special Group which was created as successor of the Mahdi Army and continued activities against US and coalition forces
    • Kata'ib Hezbollah (Hezbollah Brigades)
      The most notorious Special Group, it became completely independent from the Mahdi Army and other Special Groups.

Sunni militias

  • Awakening groups
  • 1920 Revolution Brigade
  • Jaish al-Rashideen
  • Islamic Front for the Iraqi Resistance (al-Jabha al-Islamiya lil-Moqawama al-Iraqiya - JAMI)
  • Hamas of Iraq

Kurdish militias

  • Peshmerga
    - term used by Kurds to refer to armed Kurdish fighters. The term is now officially used for the security forces of Iraqi Kurdistan.
  • Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK. A militant separatist organization whose goal is the creation of an independent Kurdish state in Turkey. Currently has bases in Iraqi Kurdistan's Qandil mountains.
  • Kurdistan Freedom Falcons or TAK. Radical splinter group from PKK, currently residing in Qandil mountains.
  • Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan or PJAK. A militant organization whose goal is overthrowing the Islamic government of Iran. Currently taking refuge in the Qandil mountains.

Minority militias

  • Qaraqosh Protection Committee, an Assyrian Christian self-defence force
  • Malik Al-Tawus Troop, a Yezidi self-defence force in northern Iraq

Famous quotes containing the words war and/or holy:

    Unless they are immediate victims, the majority of mankind behaves as if war was an act of God which could not be prevented; or they behave as if war elsewhere was none of their business. It would be a bitter cosmic joke if we destroy ourselves due to atrophy of the imagination.
    Martha Gellhorn (b. 1908)

    Even the newts are white,

    Those holy Joes.
    And the fish, the fish—
    Christ! they are panes of ice.
    Sylvia Plath (1932–1963)