A Visitor, in United Kingdom law and history, is an overseer of an autonomous ecclesiastical or eleemosynary institution (i.e., a charitable institution set up for the perpetual distribution of the founder's alms and bounty) who can intervene in the internal affairs of that institution. These institutions mainly comprise cathedrals, chapels, colleges, universities and hospitals.

The British sovereign, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, the Lord President of the Council, the Lord Chief Justice, peers, and diocesan bishops are the most common Visitors, though any person or office-holder can be nominated. The Queen usually delegates her visitatorial functions to the Lord Chancellor. During the reform of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge in the 19th century, Parliament ordered Visitations to the universities to make inquiries and to reform the university and college statutes. Bishops are usually the Visitors to their own cathedrals.

There is a ceremonial element to the role and the Visitor may also be called upon to give advice where an institution expresses doubt as to its powers under its charter and statutes. However, the most important function of the Visitor was within academic institutions, where the Visitor had to determine disputes arising between the institution and its members. Traditionally the courts have been exempted from any jurisdiction over student complaints. There had been much speculation that this contravened the Human Rights Act 1998. However in 2004 the Higher Education Act transferred the jurisdiction of the Visitor over student complaints in English and Welsh universities to the Office of the Independent Adjudicator.

Read more about VisitorOutside The United Kingdom

Other articles related to "visitor":

The Visitor (2008 Film)
... The Visitor is a 2007 American immigration film written and directed by Thomas McCarthy and produced by Michael London and Mary Jane Skalski ... For The Visitor, McCarthy won the 2008 Independent Spirit Award for Best Director, while Richard Jenkins was nominated for Best Actor in the 2008 Academy Awards ...
Logan Pass Visitor Center
... The Logan Pass Visitor Center in Glacier National Park was constructed at the summit of the Going-to-the-Sun Road during the Mission 66 park facilities improvement program ... The visitor center uses common Mission 66 themes such as a broad, gently sloping roof, native stone, and glulam timber construction ... The Logan Pass Visitor Center was one of the most significant Mission 66 projects, involving the construction of a large visitor orientation facility with ...
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... Ammunition Trucks (5) Uzi Submachine Guns Vans Visitor-vocal cord Emulators Visitor Electronics Visitor Laser Pistols Visitor Laser Rifles Visitor Mothership (1 destroyed) Visitor Shuttles Visitor ...
Logan Pass Visitor Center - Description
... The main section of the Logan Pass Visitor Center steps up its hillside with two main levels within a single-story enclosure ... As built, the visitor center used bright paint colors that were toned down to a conservative Park Service brown palette shortly after construction ... The visitor center as originally built was 3,600 square feet (330 m2) in area ...
Visitor - Outside The United Kingdom
... the British model, although in many countries the Visitor's role in complaints has been transferred to other bodies ... Act, 1997 redefines the appointment, function and responsibility of a Visitor ... A Visitor may be appointed by the Government and must be either a current Judge of the High Court or a retired Judge of the High Court or Supreme Court ...

Famous quotes containing the word visitor:

    Beauty is ever to the lonely mind
    A shadow fleeting; she is never plain.
    She is a visitor who leaves behind
    The gift of grief, the souvenir of pain.
    Robert Nathan (1894–1985)