Virginia i/vɜrˈdʒɪnjə/, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state located in the South Atlantic region of the United States. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" and the "Mother of Presidents" after the eight U.S. presidents born there. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; and Virginia Beach is the most populous city. Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The wealthiest is Loudoun County. The Commonwealth's population is over eight million.

The area's history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent New World English colony. Slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colony's early politics and plantation economy. Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution and joined the Confederacy in the American Civil War, during which Richmond was made the Confederate capital and Virginia's northwestern counties separated to form the state of West Virginia. Although the Commonwealth was under conservative single-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstruction, both major national parties are competitive in modern Virginia.

The Virginia General Assembly is the oldest legislature in the Western Hemisphere. The state government has been repeatedly ranked most effective by the Pew Center on the States. It is unique in how it treats cities and counties equally, manages local roads, and prohibits its governors from serving consecutive terms. Virginia's economy has many sectors: agriculture in the Shenandoah Valley; federal agencies in Northern Virginia, including the headquarters of the Department of Defense and CIA; and military facilities in Hampton Roads, the site of the region's main seaport. Virginia's public schools and many colleges and universities have contributed to growing media and technology sectors. As a result, computer chips have become the state's leading export.

Read more about Virginia:  Geography, History, Cities and Towns, Demographics, Economy, Culture, Media, Education, Health, Transportation, Law and Government, Politics, Sports, State Symbols

Other articles related to "virginia":

Virginia, Nebraska - Demographics - 2000 Census
... There were 31 households out of which 19.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...
.gov - States in GOV
... Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington and West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming The District of ...
46th North Carolina Infantry - Service
... The 46th was part of the Army of Northern Virginia from its initial muster through the end of the war, seeing action in the major eastern campaigns in Virginia and Maryland in 1862 ... June 1863, in that month being reassigned to northern Virginia ...
2004–05 NCAA Football Bowl Games - Conference Standings
... St, Georgia Tech, Miami (FL), North Carolina, Virginia, Virginia Tech Big Ten 3. 0.500 Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio St, Purdue, Wisconsin SEC 3. 0.500 Alabama, Auburn, Florida ... Boston College, UConn, Pittsburgh, Syracuse, West Virginia MAC 3. 0.400 Bowling Green, Marshall, Miami (OH), Northern Illinois, Toledo Sun Belt 2. 0.000 North Texas, Troy ...
Webster County, West Virginia - Geography - Major Highways
... West Virginia Route 15 West Virginia Route 20 West Virginia Route 82. ...

Famous quotes containing the word virginia:

    While I am in favor of the Government promptly enforcing the laws for the present, defending the forts and collecting the revenue, I am not in favor of a war policy with a view to the conquest of any of the slave States; except such as are needed to give us a good boundary. If Maryland attempts to go off, suppress her in order to save the Potomac and the District of Columbia. Cut a piece off of western Virginia and keep Missouri and all the Territories.
    Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822–1893)