Varanasi

Varanasi, also commonly known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras ) or Kashi (Kāśī ), is a city on the banks of the Ganges in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, 320 kilometres (200 mi) southeast of the state capital Lucknow. It is regarded as a holy city by Hindus and Jains, and holiest of the seven most sacred Hindu cities (Sapta Puri), of its ancient historic, cultural and religious heritage. Hindus believe that death at Varanasi can bring salvation. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and the oldest in India.

Unfortunately many of its temples were subject to plundering and destruction by Mohammad Ghauri in the 12th century. The temples and religious institutions seen now in the city are mostly of the 18th century vintage.

The Kashi Naresh (Maharaja of Kashi) is the chief cultural patron of Varanasi and an essential part of all religious celebrations. The culture of Varanasi is closely associated with the River Ganges and the river's religious importance. The city has been a cultural and religious centre in North India for several thousand years and is one of the world's most important religious centres with a history which transcends and unites most of the major world religions. The Benares Gharana form of the Indian classical music developed in Varanasi, and many prominent Indian philosophers, poets, writers, and musicians resided or reside in Varanasi. Gautama Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath located near Varanasi.

Varanasi is today considered to be the spiritual capital of India.Here scholarly books have been written. Ramcharitmanas was composed by Tulsidas here while there is the temple Tulsi Manas Mandir that is famous here. In addition to this, the largest residential University of Asia, Benares Hindu University is located here. People often refer to Varanasi as "the city of temples", "the holy city of India", "the religious capital of India", "the city of lights", "the city of learning", and "the oldest living city on earth."

Read more about Varanasi:  Etymology, History, Geography and Climate, Demographics, Economy, Landmarks, Mosques, Culture, Religious Festivals, Education, Sport, Transport

Other articles related to "varanasi":

Chandramauli Upadhyay
... Born in holy Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh, India ... Upadhyay is Head of the Department of Astrology center at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi ... He is a Ph.D holder in astrology from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi and teaches Jyotish (astrology) in SVDV, BHU as Professor ...
Varanasi - Transport
... Cycle rickshaws in a busy street in Varanasi ... Varanasi is well connected by air, rail and road ... One of the major factors in Varanasi's sustained existence as an inhabited city is its role as an established transportation hub between different cities ...
Machhlishahr (Lok Sabha Constituency) - See Also
... Jaunpur Ambedkar Nagar Ghazipur Chandauli Varanasi Robertsganj Mirzapur Phulpur Allahabad Bhadohi Fatehpur Banda Hamirpur Jhansi Jalaun Kaushambi Nagina Kanpur Etawah Kannauj Farrukhabad Mainpuri Fatehpur Sikri ...
Trailanga Swami
1529 or 1607-1887) was a Hindu yogi famed for his spiritual powers who lived in Varanasi, India ... to some accounts, Trailanga Swami lived to be around 300 years old, residing at Varanasi between 1737-1887 ... referred to him as the "The walking Shiva of Varanasi" ...
Shivnetra
... The Shivnetras are an almost extinct community which originated from Varanasi in Northern India ... to have been a Shivnetra stronghold apart from Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi, the netras were believed to have been heavily guarded by Aghoris of both Ujjain and Varanasi almost akin to a secret society ...