The United States District Court for the District of New York was one of the original 13 courts established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, 1 Stat. 73, on September 24, 1789. According to historian Jeffrey B. Morris, “hen Judge Duane convened the district court for the District of New York—at the former Royal Exchange at the foot of Broad Street on November 3, 1789, it was the first meeting of a court ever held under the sovereignty of the U.S.” The Act of April 9, 1814, 3 Stat. 120, divided the District of New York into Northern and Southern Districts. The subdivision of the district was reportedly instigated by Matthias Burnett Tallmadge, out of antipathy for fellow district judge William P. Van Ness. These Districts were later further subdivided with the creation of Eastern District on February 25, 1865 by 13 Stat. 438, and the Western District on May 12, 1900, by 31 Stat. 175.
For the first hundred years of its existence, the case load of the District was dominated first by admiralty cases, and then by a mix of admiralty and bankruptcy cases. The primary responsibility for hearing bankruptcy cases has since been transferred to the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York, with the District Court only reviewing cases already decided by a bankruptcy judge.
Since its creation, the Southern District of New York has had 142 judges, more than any other District. Twelve judges from the Southern District of New York have been elevated to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit - Augustus Noble Hand, Barrington Daniels Parker, Jr., Charles Merrill Hough, Irving Kaufman, John M. Walker, Jr., Julius Marshuetz Mayer, Learned Hand, Pierre N. Leval, Sonia Sotomayor, Wilfred Feinberg, Gerard E. Lynch, and Denny Chin. One judge, Samuel Blatchford, was elevated directly from the Southern District of New York to the Supreme Court of the United States. The longest serving judge, David Norton Edelstein, served as an active judge for 43 years to the day, and in senior status for an additional six years.
Read more about this topic: United States District Court For The Southern District Of New York
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Famous quotes containing the word history:
“What has history to do with me? Mine is the first and only world! I want to report how I find the world. What others have told me about the world is a very small and incidental part of my experience. I have to judge the world, to measure things.”
—Ludwig Wittgenstein (18891951)
“Considered in its entirety, psychoanalysis wont do. Its an end product, moreover, like a dinosaur or a zeppelin; no better theory can ever be erected on its ruins, which will remain for ever one of the saddest and strangest of all landmarks in the history of twentieth-century thought.”
—Peter B. Medawar (19151987)
“I saw the Arab map.
It resembled a mare shuffling on,
dragging its history like saddlebags,
nearing its tomb and the pitch of hell.”
—Adonis [Ali Ahmed Said] (b. 1930)