Umbilical Artery - Umbilical Arteries in The Fetus

Umbilical Arteries in The Fetus

Umbilical arteries supply deoxygenated blood from the fetus to the placenta in the umbilical cord. There are usually two umbilical arteries present together with one umbilical vein in the cord. The umbilical arteries are actually the latter of the internal iliac arteries that supply the hind limbs with blood and nutrients in the fetus. The umbilical arteries surround the urinary bladder and then carry all the deoxygenated blood out of the fetus through the umbilical cord.

The umbilical arteries are the only arteries in the human body, aside from the pulmonary arteries, that carry deoxygenated blood.

The pressure inside the umbilical artery is approximately 50 mmHg.

Inside the placenta, the umbilical arteries connect with each other at a distance of approximately 5 mm from the cord insertion in what is called the Hyrtl anastomosis. Subsequently, they branch into chorionic arteries or intraplacental fetal arteries.

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