Middle DistanceFurther information: Middle distance track event
The most common middle distance track events are the 800 metres, 1500 metres and mile run, although the 3000 metres may also be classified as a middle distance event. The 880 yard run, or half mile, was the forebear of the 800 m distance and it has its roots in competitions in the United Kingdom in the 1830s. The 1500 m came about as a result of running three laps of a 500 m track, which was commonplace in continental Europe in the 20th century.
Runners start the race from a standing position along a curved starting line and after hearing the starter's pistol they head towards the innermost track to follow the quickest route to the finish. In 800 m races athletes begin at a staggered starting point before the turn in the track and they must remain in their lanes for the first 100 m of the race. This rule was introduced to reduce the amount of physical jostling between runners in the early stages of the race. In the 800 m race, runners have the option of starting in blocks; doing so may reduce time spent accelerating off the starting line. Physiologically, these middle distance events demand that athletes have good aerobic and anaerobic energy producing systems, and also that they have strong speed endurance.
The 1500 m and mile run events have historically been some of the most prestigious track and field events. Swedish rivals Gunder Hägg and Arne Andersson broke each other's 1500 m and mile world records on a number of occasions in the 1940s. The prominence of the distances were maintained by Roger Bannister, who (in 1954) was the first to run the long-elusive four-minute mile, and Jim Ryun's exploits served to popularise interval training. Races between British rivals Sebastian Coe, Steve Ovett and Steve Cram characterised middle distance running in 1980s. From the 1990s onwards, North Africans such as Noureddine Morceli of Algeria and Hicham El Guerrouj of Morocco came to dominate the 1500 and mile events.
Beyond the short distances of sprinting events, factors such as an athlete's reactions and top speed becomes less important, while qualities such as pace, race tactics and endurance become more so.
Other articles related to "middle distance, distance, middle":
... World Championship gold - middle distance, 2006 World Championship gold - relay, 2005 World Championship bronze - long distance, 2004 and 2005 World Cup - relay 2004 Nordic Masters silver - middle distance 2003 and ...
... Novikova won a gold medal in the short distance at the 2004 Junior World Ski Orienteering Championships in Vuokatti, and also a silver medal in the. 2004 Junior World Championships in S-chanf she won silver medals in both the long and the middle distance ... At the World Ski Orienteering Championships in Russia in 2007 she placed 8th in the middle distance, and won a silver medal in the sprint ...
... Championships in Ballarat Gritslan placed tenth in the middle, 32nd in the long, and sixth in the relay ... Championships in Banska Bystrica he won a gold medal in the middle distance, a gold medal in the long distance, and placed fourth with the Russian relay ... At the 2006 Championships in Joensuu he won a bronze medal in the middle distance, a silver medal in the long distance, and a silver medal in the relay with the Russian team, behind Finland ...
... As of May 2005, this is a list of notable male middle distance runners (800 m - 3000 m) since the first Olympic Games in 1896 ... any athlete ranked (by time) in the top three of a middle distance event for any given year since 1980 ...
Famous quotes containing the words distance and/or middle:
“For time is the longest distance between two places.”
—Tennessee Williams (19141983)
“For hours, in fall days, I watched the ducks cunningly tack and veer and hold the middle of the pond, far from the sportsman;... but what beside safety they got by sailing in the middle of Walden I do not know, unless they love its water for the same reason that I do.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)