Tikal

Tikal (or Tik’al according to the modern Mayan orthography) is one of the largest archaeological sites and urban centres of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. It is located in the archaeological region of the Petén Basin in what is now northern Guatemala. Situated in the department of El Petén, the site is part of Guatemala's Tikal National Park and in 1979 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Tikal was the capital of a conquest state that became one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient Maya. Though monumental architecture at the site dates back as far as the 4th century BC, Tikal reached its apogee during the Classic Period, ca. 200 to 900 AD. During this time, the city dominated much of the Maya region politically, economically, and militarily, while interacting with areas throughout Mesoamerica such as the great metropolis of Teotihuacan in the distant Valley of Mexico. There is evidence that Tikal was conquered by Teotihuacan in the 4th century AD. Following the end of the Late Classic Period, no new major monuments were built at Tikal and there is evidence that elite palaces were burned. These events were coupled with a gradual population decline, culminating with the site’s abandonment by the end of the 10th century.

Tikal is the best understood of any of the large lowland Maya cities, with a long dynastic ruler list, the discovery of the tombs of many of the rulers on this list and the investigation of their monuments, temples and palaces.

Read more about TikalEtymology, Location, Population, Rulers, The Site

Other articles related to "tikal":

Tikal - The Site - Burials
... The dynastic founder of Tikal, Yax Ehb' Xook, has been linked to this tomb, which lies deep in the heart of the North Acropolis ...
Temple Of The Inscriptions - See Also
... El Castillo, Chichen Itza List of Mesoamerican pyramids Pyramid of the Magician at Uxmal Tikal Temple I Tikal Temple II Tikal Temple III Tikal Temple ...
Chak Tok Ich'aak I
... Chak Ich'ak, was an early Maya king of Mutal (now known as Tikal) ... He is one of Tikal's best known kings, with his name recorded on a number of ceramic pieces and a stela, with the possiblility of a second stela also being attributed to him ... Stela 31 from Tikal records that he died on the same day that Siyah K'ak' captured Tikal, probably killed by the Teotihuacano conquerors ...
Jasaw Chan K'awiil II
869) was a 9th-century ruler at Tikal, the major pre-Columbian Maya civilization center and polity located in the Peten Basin region, modern-day Guatemala ... Reigning at a time when Tikal had already declined as a regional and political power, Jasaw Chan K'awiil is Tikal's last-known ruler identifiable from extant inscriptions ... an inscription bearing the latest date of any yet recovered and deciphered in Tikal ...
B'alaj Chan K'awiil - Life
... He claimed to be a member of the Tikal royal line ... On Dos Pilas Panel 6 he names a king of Tikal as his father, this was probably the 23rd or 24th ruler of Tikal ... He probably saw himself as the legitimate heir to the Tikal throne and defected from Tikal in AD 648 to found Dos Pilas as a rival kingdom under the overlordship of Calakmul ...