Three Noes

The Three-Noes Policy (Chinese: 三不政策) is a policy in the 1980s maintained by President Chiang Ching-kuo of the Republic of China, commonly known as "Taiwan", in response to the People’s Republic of China's attempts to have direct contact with the ROC (see Three Links). When the United States broke diplomatic ties with the ROC in 1979, the PRC believed that it had complete leverage in convincing the ROC government to talk. President Chiang Ching-kuo refused, reiterating that there were to be “no contact, no compromise, and no negotiation” (不接觸,不談判,不妥協) with the Chinese Communists.

The hijacking of a China Airlines cargo plane on May 3, 1986 shattered the "Three Noes" policy. The pilot Wang Shi-chuen subdued the two other members of the flight crew and commandeered the plane to Guangzhou, forcing the ROC government to publicly send unofficial envoys to negotiate in Hong Kong with PRC officials over the return of the plane and the flight crew. The pilot, credited by the PRC for reestablishing contact between mainland China and Taiwan, received a hero’s welcome in mainland China and became a senior PRC aviation official as well as serving as a so-called "Taiwanese delegate" to PRC government institutions.

During this time, many mainland China-born ROC armed forces veterans pressed President Chiang Ching-kuo to allow family reunions between the mainland Chinese who settled in Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War and their relatives in mainland China. President Chiang relented in 1987, authorizing the ROC Red Cross to issue permits allowing people from Taiwan to travel to Chinese Mainland only for family reunions. This started the regular civilian and unofficial exchanges between the PRC and the ROC that continues to progress to this day.

Cross-Strait (China-Taiwan) relations
Organisations
  • Taiwan Affairs Office
  • Mainland Affairs Council
  • Straits Exchange Foundation
  • Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits
  • Kuomintang
  • Communist Party of China
  • National Unification Council
  • Cross-Straits Economic Trade and Culture Forum
People
  • Hu Jintao
  • Ma Ying-jeou
  • Chen Yunlin
  • Chiang Pin-kung
  • Jiang Zemin
  • Chen Shui-bian
  • Wang Daohan
  • Koo Chen-fu
  • Lee Teng-hui
  • Lai Shin-Yuan
  • Wang Yi
Events
  • Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • Retrocession of Taiwan
  • 228 Incident
  • Chinese Civil War
  • First Taiwan Strait Crisis
  • Second Taiwan Strait Crisis
  • PRC entry to the United Nations
  • Wang-Koo summit
  • Third Taiwan Strait Crisis
  • Anti-Secession Law
  • Pan-Blue visits to mainland China
  • Cross-strait charter
  • Chen-Chiang summit
  • Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement
Issues
  • Sinocentrism
  • Sinicization
  • Desinicization
  • Taiwanization
  • Chinese nationalism
  • Taiwanese nationalism
  • Political status of Taiwan
  • Legal status of Taiwan
  • Chinese reunification
  • Taiwan independence
Concepts
  • 1992 Consensus
  • Three Links
  • One China policy
  • Two Chinas
  • One Country on Each Side
  • Three Noes
  • Six Assurances
  • Special state-to-state relations
  • Four Noes and One Without
  • Zhonghua Minzu
  • Special non-state-to-state relations
  • Cross-strait Economic Zone
  • Free area of the Republic of China
  • Chinese Taipei