Thomas Aquinas

Thomas Aquinas, O.P. ( /əˈkwaɪnəs/ ə-KWY-nəs; 1225 – 7 March 1274), also Thomas of Aquin or Aquino, was an Italian Dominican priest, and an immensely influential philosopher and theologian in the tradition of scholasticism, within which he is also known as the "Dumb Ox", "Angelic Doctor", "Doctor Communis", and "Doctor Universalis". "Aquinas" is the demonym of Aquino: Thomas came from one of the noblest families of the Kingdom of Naples; his parents held the titles "Count of Aquino" and "Countess of Teano." He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology, and the father of Thomism. His influence on Western thought is considerable, and much of modern philosophy was conceived in development or refutation of his ideas, particularly in the areas of ethics, natural law, metaphysics, and political theory.

Thomas is held in the Roman Catholic Church to be the model teacher for those studying for the priesthood, and indeed the highest expression of both natural reason and speculative theology. The study of his works, according to papal and magisterial documents, is a core of the required program of study for those seeking ordination as priests or deacons, as well as for those in religious formation and for other students of the sacred disciplines (Catholic philosophy, theology, history, liturgy, and canon law). The works for which he is best-known are the Summa theologiae and the Summa Contra Gentiles. One of the 35 Doctors of the Church, he is considered the Church's greatest theologian and philosopher. Pope Benedict XV declared: "This (Dominican) Order ... acquired new luster when the Church declared the teaching of Thomas to be her own and that Doctor, honored with the special praises of the Pontiffs, the master and patron of Catholic schools."

Read more about Thomas Aquinas:  Biography, Philosophy, Theology, Modern Influence, Criticism, Claims of Levitation, See Also

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... the most famous Dominicans, Pope Pius V, Thomas Aquinas, and St Peter Martyr ... in the Web Gallery of Art under Ricci, Sebastiano entitled St Pius, Thomas of Aquinas Peter Martyr He greatly revered Thomas Aquinas (1226–74), who is the figure on the left, and ...
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... Thomas Aquinas is an institution of higher education in Kiev (Ukraine), conducted by the Dominican Friars of the Vicariate General of Russia and Ukraine and, affiliated to the ... Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum) ...
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... and Santa Fe, New Mexico, and at Thomas Aquinas College, in Santa Paula, California ... Thomas Aquinas, Dante, Chaucer, Cervantes, as well as more recent Catholic thinkers like John Henry Newman, G ... Like Thomas Aquinas College, the SII espoused academic freedom by not limiting admissions to applicants of any religious or philosophical belief ...
Thomas Aquinas - See Also
... Christianity portal Saints portal Aquinas Institute Aquinas School in San Juan City, Philippines Aquinas University in Legazpi City, Philippines Bartholomew of Lucca ... Thomas Aquinas Pontifical University of St ... Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum) School of Salamanca, 16th century Spanish Thomists Thomas Aquinas and the Sacraments Thought of Thomas Aquinas University of Santo Tomas University of St ...

Famous quotes containing the words aquinas and/or thomas:

    Mistakes are made on two counts: an argument is either based on error or incorrectly developed.
    —Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225–1274)

    And all your deeds and words,
    Each truth, each lie,
    Die in unjudging love.
    —Dylan Thomas (1914–1953)