Third Sacred War

The Third Sacred War (356 BC–346 BC) was fought between the forces of the Delphic Amphictyonic League, principally represented by Thebes, and latterly by Philip II of Macedon, and the Phocians. The war was caused by a large fine imposed in 357 BC on the Phocians by the Amphictyonic League (dominated at that moment by Thebes), for the offense of cultivating sacred land; refusing to pay, the Phocians instead seized the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, and used the accumulated treasures to fund large mercenary armies. Thus, although the Phocians suffered several major defeats, they were able to continue the war for many years, until eventually all parties were nearing exhaustion. Philip II used the distraction of the other states to increase his power in northern Greece, in the process becoming ruler of Thessaly. In the end, Philip's growing power, and the exhaustion of the other states, allowed him to impose a peaceful settlement of the war, marking a major step in the rise of Macedon to pre-eminence in Ancient Greece.

Read more about Third Sacred War:  Sources and Chronology, Background, Seizure of Delphi, Start of The War (c. 355 BC), Second Phase (c. 354–353 BC), Third Phase (c. 352–346 BC)

Other articles related to "third sacred war, sacred war, war, sacred":

Third Sacred War - Settlement of The Sacred War - Peace Settlement
... Philip could be certain of dictating the terms of the end of the Sacred War, since he could now use force against any state that did not accept his ... to Boeotia the cities that Phocis had captured during the war (Orchomenos, Coroneia and Corsiae), and then declared that the fate of Phocis would not be decided by him, but by the ... In return for ending the war, Macedon was made a member of the Amphictyonic council, and given the two votes which had been stripped from Phocis ...
Thermopylae - Battles - Third Sacred War
... In 353 BC/352 BC during the Third Sacred War, fought mainly between the forces of the Delphic Amphictyonic League, principally represented by Thebes, and ... The war was caused by a large fine imposed on the Phocians in 357 BC for cultivating sacred land ... The Spartans, who were also fined in that war, actually never fought in it as they were later pardoned ...

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    War ...
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