Theory - Scientific Theories

Scientific Theories

In science, the term "theory" refers to "a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world, based on a body of facts that have been repeatedly confirmed through observation and experiment." Theories must also meet further requirements, such as the ability to make falsifiable predictions with consistent accuracy across a broad area of scientific inquiry, and production of strong evidence in favor of the theory from multiple independent sources. (See characteristics of scientific theories.)

The strength of a scientific theory is related to the diversity of phenomena it can explain, which is measured by its ability to make falsifiable predictions with respect to those phenomena. Theories are improved (or replaced by better theories) as more evidence is gathered, so that accuracy in prediction improves over time; this increased accuracy corresponds to an increase in scientific knowledge. Scientists use theories as a foundation to gain further scientific knowledge, as well as to accomplish goals such as inventing technology or curing disease.

Read more about this topic:  Theory

Other articles related to "scientific, scientific theories, theories":

Verificationism - Post-Positivist Verificationists - Arthur Fine and The Natural Ontological Attitude (1986)
... Fine holds that scientific anti-realists like van Fraassen beg the question against scientific realists when they assume that in theory selection there do not exist reasons to select ... and realists will both agree to the reliability of our scientific theories ... of common ground brings Fine to argue that instead of aiming at true scientific theories (as the realist does) or empirically adequate theories (as the constructive empiricist does), we should aim for scientific ...
Entity Realism
... Entity realism is a philosophical position within the debate about scientific realism ... Whereas traditional scientific realism argues that our best scientific theories are true, or approximately true, or closer to the truth than their predecessors, entity realism does not commit ... that the theoretical entities that feature in scientific theories, e.g ...
Relationship Between Religion And Science - Perspectives - Conflict - Conflict Thesis
... images of controversy continue to exemplify the supposed hostility of Christianity to new scientific theories, studies have shown that Christianity has often nurtured and encouraged scientific endeavour ... Under the control model, religion will provide tacit or explicit support for scientific theories and research as long as scientific findings support religious doctrines ... institutions will attempt to assert religious "control beliefs" over any scientific theories that appear to conflict with a core religious doctrine ...
Epistemological Anarchism - Rationale
... on the observation that there is no identifiable sole scientific method that is consistent with the practices of the paradigm of scientific progress – the scientific revolution ... rationalist and empiricist historiography which tend to represent the heroes of the scientific revolution as scrupulous researchers reliant on empirical research, whereas Feyerabend countered that ... Scientific laws such as those posited by Aristotelian or Newtonian physics that assumed the stance of objective models of the universe have been ...
Science Fact - History and Philosophy - Philosophy of Science
... assumptions that are needed to justify the scientific method (1) that there is an objective reality shared by all rational observers (2) that this ... claims that knowledge is created by a process involving observation and that scientific theories are the result of generalizations from such observations ... is necessary because the number of predictions those theories make is infinite, which means that they cannot be known from the finite amount of evidence using deductive logic only ...

Famous quotes containing the words theories and/or scientific:

    The theories and speculations of men concern us more than their puny accomplishment. It is with a certain coldness and languor that we loiter about the actual and so-called practical.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    God isn’t compatible with machinery and scientific medicine and universal happiness. You must make your choice. Our civilization has chosen machinery and medicine and happiness.
    Aldous Huxley (1894–1963)