The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism is a book written by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist. It was first published in German under the title Konfuzianismus und Taoismus in 1915 and an adapted version appeared in 1920. An English translation was made in 1951 and several editions were released until today.
It was his second major work on the sociology of religion, after The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Weber focused on those aspects of Chinese society that were different from those of Western Europe and Puritanism, and posed a question why capitalism did not develop in China. From the chronological perspective, he concentrated on early period of Chinese history (Hundred Schools of Thought, Warring States Period), during which major Chinese schools of thoughts (Confucianism, Taoism) were invented. In that period, he focused on the issues of Chinese urban development, Chinese patrimonialism and officialdom, and Chinese religion, as the areas in which Chinese development differed most distinctively from the European route.
Read more about The Religion Of China: Confucianism And Taoism: History, Cities, Patrimonialism, Officialdom and Literati, Religious Organization and The Confucian Orthodoxy, State Cult and Popular Religiosity, Social Structure and The Capitalist Economy, Confucianism and Puritanism
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... According to Weber, Confucianism and Puritanism are mutually exclusive types of rational thought, each attempting to prescribe a way of life based on religious dogma ... The Confucianism goal was "a cultured status position", while Puritanism's goal was to create individuals who are "tools of God" ... belief and enthusiasm for action were rare in Confucianism, but common in Protestantism ...
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