The Ernesto (L'Ernesto) is a faction within the Communist Refoundation Party in Italy.
The group emerged as a split from Being Communists in February 2007 and took the name from L'Ernesto, a communist publication. The leaders of the splinter group are Fosco Giannini, a senator, and Gianluigi Pegolo.
For the 24-27 July 2008 congress the faction formed a common list with Counter-current, another minority faction, and obtained 7.7% of the delegates. In that occasion they supported the election of Paolo Ferrero, leader of the Refoundation in Movement-Being Communists motion, as party secretary, thus joining for the first time the majority of the party.