Ten Commandments Rulings - Enumeration of The Ten Commandments

Enumeration of The Ten Commandments

The two texts commonly known as the Ten Commandments are given in two books of the Bible: Exodus 20:1-17 and Deuteronomy 5:4–21.

Religious groups use various historical divisions of Exodus 20:1–17 into ten parts tabulated below:

  • S. Septuagint, generally followed by Orthodox Christians.
  • P. Philo, same as the Septuagint, but with the prohibitions on killing and adultery reversed.
  • T. Jewish Talmud, makes the "prologue" the first commandment and combines the prohibition on worshiping deities other than Yahweh with the prohibition on idolatry.
  • A. Augustine follows the Talmud in combining verses 3–6, but omits the prologue as a commandment and divides the prohibition on coveting in two and following the word order of Deuteronomy 5:21 rather than Exodus 20:17.
  • C. Catechism of the Catholic Church, largely follows Augustine.
  • L. Lutherans follow Luther's Large Catechism, which follows Augustine but uses the word order of Exodus 20:17 rather than Deuteronomy 5:21 for the ninth and tenth commandment.
  • R. Reformed Christians follow John Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion, which mostly follows Philo.
The Ten Commandments
S P T A C L R Main article Exodus 20:1-17 Deuteronomy 5:4-21
1 1 (1) I am the Lord thy God 2 “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 6 “‘I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
1 1 2 1 1 1 1 Thou shalt have no other gods before me 3 “You shall have no other gods before me. 7 “‘You shall have no other gods before me.
2 2 2 1 1 1 2 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image 4–6 “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am a jealous God,visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments. 8–10 “‘You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or serve them; for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.
3 3 3 2 2 2 3 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain 7 “You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain. 11 “‘You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
4 4 4 3 3 3 4 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy 8–11 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. 12–15 “‘Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant, or your ox or your donkey or any of your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates, that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out from there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore the LORD your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day.
5 5 5 4 4 4 5 Honour thy father and thy mother 12 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you. 16 “‘Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God commanded you, that your days may be long, and that it may go well with you in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.
6 7 6 5 5 5 6 Thou shalt not kill 13 “You shall not murder. 17 “‘You shall not murder.
7 6 7 6 6 6 7 Thou shalt not commit adultery 14 “You shall not commit adultery. 18 “‘And you shall not commit adultery.
8 8 8 7 7 7 8 Thou shalt not steal 15 “You shall not steal. 19 “‘And you shall not steal.
9 9 9 8 8 8 9 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour 16 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. 20 “‘And you shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
10 10 10 10 10 9 10 Thou shalt not covet 17a “You shall not covet your neighbor's house; 21b “‘And you shall not desire your neighbor's house
10 10 10 9 9 10 10 Thou shalt not covet 17b “you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, 21a “‘And you shall not covet your neighbor's wife.
10 10 10 10 10 9 10 Thou shalt not covet 17c “or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor's.” 21c “or his male servant, or his female servant, his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor's.’
  • All scripture quotes above are from the English Standard Version. Click on verses at top of columns for other versions.

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