Sur (Pashtun Tribe)
Sur (Pashto: سور), or Soor, are a historical tribe of Pashtun origin, now living primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan. They claim to be descendants of Mohammad Sur, one of the princes of the Ghorids, who left his native Ghor region and settled among the Afghan tribes in the Sulaiman Mountains. The founder of the Sur dynasty in India, Sher Shah Suri, belonged to the Sur tribe. They ruled Delhi Sultanate from 1540 until 1556-57 after being removed from power by the Mughal Empire.It was at the time of this bounty of Sultán Bahlol, that the grandfather of Sher Sháh, by name Ibráhím Khán Súr,* with his son Hasan Khán, the father of Sher Sháh, came to Hindu-stán from Afghánistán, from a place which is called in the Afghán tongue "Shargarí,"* but in the Multán tongue "Rohrí." It is a ridge, a spur of the Sulaimán Mountains, about six or seven kos in length, situated on the banks of the Gumal. They entered into the service of Muhabbat Khán Súr, Dáúd Sáhú-khail, to whom Sultán Bahlol had given in jágír the parganas of Hariána and Bahkála, etc., in the Panjáb, and they settled in the pargana of Bajwára. —Abbas Khan Sarwani, 1580
Today, Sur is part of the Pashtun tribal system and belongs to the sub-groups of the Ghilzais.
|“||The Suri Tribe of the Afghans inhabited the mountains of Ghor east of Furrah and their principal cities were Ghore, Feruzi and Bamian||”|
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