Stadtkyll - History


Near the village and in the outlying centre of Niederkyll, many finds from Roman times have been unearthed during excavation work. In the lists of the Archiepiscopal Cathedraticum, which come from about 1100, is a mention of the village under the name Kyll. In the 13th century, the village quickly grew in importance. About 1250 it was raised to town and thereby also acquired the right to bear a coat of arms; the one borne then matches the one borne today. In 1292, it had already become a town girded with a wall and with a castle. In 1308, it had its first documentary mention as Stadtkyll-Opidum in the Liber valoris. Over the course of its history, Stadtkyll has been beset by several catastrophes. In 1632, in the Thirty Years' War, an army of mercenaries set most of the village on fire. In 1687, the French destroyed the village. In 1814 and again in 1854, great fires burnt Stadtkyll down. After these fires, the old town wall served as a quarry of sorts for building material to rebuild the village. The wall completely disappeared as a result, and its alignment can now only be made out in the rows of houses on Burgbergstraße.

The heaviest destruction sustained by Stadtkyll, however, came in the air raids in December 1944 and just after New Year’s, late in the Second World War, after the Battle of the Bulge. Seventy-five percent of the village was destroyed.

The outlying centre of Schönfeld was bound to pay tributes to Prüm Abbey in the 13th century. Beginning in the 14th century, it was administered from Stadtkyll. Since 1 January 1971, when Schönfeld was amalgamated, it has been an Ortsteil of Stadtkyll.

Stadtkyll’s other outlying centre, Niederkyll, had its first documentary mention in 1345 when the Lords of Blankenheim enfeoffed, among others, King John of Bohemia as Count of Luxembourg, with Niederkyll. The chapel was built about 1600, and was supposedly once Stadtkyll’s parish church.

Niederkyll’s history apparently stretches all the way back to Roman times. A Roman road supposedly passed along this way, and it is also said that the chapel’s tower stands on the foundation of what was once a Roman sacrificial site.

In 1970, the sawing works of the firm Hermes located itself in the industrial park near Niederkyll. The company makes up a prominent part of the community’s appearance with its 70 000 m² area.

On the Stadtkyller Heide, a local heath, between 1952 and 1992, stood a Decca transmitter.

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