SS Officers - SS Units and Branches - Concentration Camps

Concentration Camps

The SS is closely associated with Nazi Germany's concentration camp system. After 1934, the running of Germany's concentration camps was placed under the total authority of the SS and an SS formation known as the SS-Totenkopfverbände (SS-TV), under the command of Theodor Eicke. Known as the "Death's Head Units", the SS-TV was first organized as several battalions, each based at one of Germany's major concentration camps, the oldest of which was at Dachau. In 1939, the Totenkopfverbände expanded into a military division with the establishment of the Totenkopf division, which in 1940 would become a full division within the Waffen-SS.

With the start of World War II, the Totenkopfverbände began a large expansion that eventually would develop into three branches covering each type of concentration camp the SS operated. By 1944, there existed three divisions of the SS-TV, those being the staffs of the concentration camps proper in Germany and Austria, the labor camp system in occupied territories, and the guards and staffs of the extermination camps in Poland that were involved in the Holocaust.

In 1942, for administrative reasons, the guard and administrative staff of all the concentration camps became full members of the Waffen-SS. In addition, to oversee the large administrative burden of an extensive labor camp system, the concentration camps were placed under the command of the SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt (WVHA). Oswald Pohl commanded the WVHA, while Richard Glücks served as the Inspector of Concentration Camps.

By 1944, with the concentration camps fully integrated with the Waffen-SS and under the control of the WVHA, a standard practice developed to rotate SS members in and out of the camps, based on manpower needs and also to give assignments to wounded Waffen-SS officers and soldiers who could no longer serve in front-line combat duties. This rotation of personnel is the main argument that nearly the entire SS knew of the concentration camps, and what actions were committed within, making the entire organization liable for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Read more about this topic:  SS Officers, SS Units and Branches

Other articles related to "concentration camps, camp, camps, concentration, concentration camp":

LGBT History In Germany - 20th Century - 1930-1949
... Homosexuals are sent to concentration camps. 1937 – The first use of the pink triangle for gay men in Nazi concentration camps. 1945 – Upon the liberation of Nazi concentration camps by Allied forces, those interned for homosexuality are not freed, but required to serve out the full term of their ...
"Polish Death Camp" Controversy - Use and Reactions
... An early appearance in print of the term "Polish death camp" is 1944, in a Collier's article by the Polish resistance fighter Jan Karski titled "Polish Death Camp." Postwar uses of the term include ... were deported to Polish death camps..."), The Jewish Veteran ("2000 Greek Jews repatriated from Polish death camps..."), and the The Palestine Yearbook and Israeli Annual ("3,000,000 were foreign Jews ... Poland such as the "Polish death/concentration/extermination camp", "Polish Ghetto", "Polish Holocaust", "Nazi Poland", and so on ...
Sport In The Channel Islands - History - 20th Century - World War II
... Alderney, the occupying Germans built four concentration camps in which over 700 people out of a total prisoner population of about 6,000 died ... These were the only Nazi concentration camps on British soil ... by the Germans, and Jews were sent to concentration camps partisan resistance and retribution, accusations of collaboration, and slave labour also occurred ...
The Holocaust In Croatia - Concentration Camps
... Jasenovac concentration camp Sisak children's concentration camp Stara Gradiška concentration camp Sajmište concentration camp (run by German forces in Serbia) Tenja ...
Comet Line - Notable Members of The Line
... Survived several Nazi concentration camps ... Survived several Nazi concentration camps ... Was captured, tortured, sent to concentration camps and survived ...