Split-phase Electric Power

Split-phase Electric Power

A split-phase electricity distribution system is a 3-wire single-phase distribution system, commonly used in North America for single-family residential and light commercial (up to about 100 kVA) applications. It is the AC equivalent of the original Edison 3-wire direct current system. Its primary advantage is that it saves conductor material over a single ended single phase system while only requiring single phase on the supply side of the distribution transformer. Since there are two live conductors in the system, it is sometimes incorrectly referred to as "two-phase". The "hot" conductors' waveforms are offset by a half-cycle, or 180 degrees offset, when measured against the neutral wire. To avoid confusion with split-phase motor start applications, it is appropriate to call this power distribution system a 3-wire, single-phase, midpoint neutral system.

In North America, the high-leg delta system allows single-phase 120 V loads and 240 V three-phase loads both to be served by the same three-phase, four-wire distribution system.

Read more about Split-phase Electric Power:  Connections, Construction Sites, Technical Power (balanced Power), Other Applications, Motors

Other articles related to "electric":

Split-phase Electric Power - Motors
... A split-phase motor is a type of single-phase electric motor ... A split-phase motor runs on a single phase and has no special relationship to a split-phase (3-wire) distribution system ...

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