Special education or special needs education is the education of students with special needs in a way that addresses the students' individual differences and needs. Ideally, this process involves the individually planned and systematically monitored arrangement of teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials, accessible settings, and other interventions designed to help learners with special needs achieve a higher level of personal self-sufficiency and success in school and community than would be available if the student were only given access to a typical classroom education.
Common special needs include challenges with learning, communication challenges, emotional and behavioral disorders, physical disabilities, and developmental disorders. Students with these kinds of special needs are likely to benefit from additional educational services such as different approaches to teaching, use of technology, a specifically adapted teaching area, or resource room.
Intellectual giftedness is a difference in learning and can also benefit from specialized teaching techniques or different educational programs, but the term "special education" is generally used to specifically indicate instruction of students whose special needs reduce their ability to learn independently or in an ordinary classroom, and gifted education is handled separately.
In most developed countries, educators are modifying teaching methods and environments so that the maximum number of students are served in general education environments. Special education in developed countries is often regarded less as a "place" and more as "a range of services, available in every school." Integration can reduce social stigmas and improve academic achievement for many students.
The opposite of special education is general education. General education is the standard curriculum presented with standard teaching methods and without additional supports.
Other articles related to "education, special education, special":
... Alternative, community-based education is essential because the mainstream school system continues to fail to meet the needs of students and families of color and ... Freedom School is to be a community-driven school where powerful and transformative popular education and learning are the norm and not the exception ... English and Equal English, and 14% of all students received special education services ...
... looked to “identify and solve the problem” of minority children being misplaced in special education ... Department of Education, Elementary and Secondary School Civil Rights Reports (2000), African-American students made up only 17 percent of the total school enrollment ... students of other races or ethnicities in special education ...
... classified through the District's (CSE) Committee on Special Education Department or (CPSE) Committee on Preschool Education ...
... In North America, special education is commonly abbreviated as special ed, SpecEd, SPED, or SpEd in a professional context ... Canada Education in Canada is the responsibility of the individual provinces and territories ... assessing the achievements of students with special needs ...
... Typical training includes coursework beyond the Master of Education, Master of Science in Education, or Master of Arts in Teaching degrees ... complete the courses required by their state department of education rather than by a prescribed self-contained program of studies ... Specialist or Doctoral Degree unfortunately just a handful of institutions of higher education offer this kind of self-standing graduate program ...
Famous quotes containing the words education and/or special:
“The proper aim of education is to promote significant learning. Significant learning entails development. Development means successively asking broader and deeper questions of the relationship between oneself and the world. This is as true for first graders as graduate students, for fledging artists as graying accountants.”
—Laurent A. Daloz (20th century)
“Jack: A politician, huh?
Editor: Oh, county treasurer or something like that.
Jack: Whats so special about him?
Editor: They say hes an honest man.”
—Robert Rossen (19081966)