The Special Commissions (Dardanelles and Mesopotamia) Act 1916 (6 & 7 Geo. V) was set up to investigate the World War I operations in the Dardanelles Campaign and the Mesopotamian campaign.
Following the disasters in Mesopotamia and the Dardanelles in 1916, the recently ousted British Prime Minister, H. H. Asquith, demanded a select committee to inquire into the relevant military campaigns. Instead the new Government appointed a statutory Special Commission, because a Government may…prefer to…appoint…an outside element...less likely to be influenced by party bias.
The terms of the Act required that at least one naval and one military officer from the retired lists should serve on each Commission.
Other related articles:
... 'Appendix 1', Office-Holders in Modern Britain Volume 10 Officials of Royal Commissions of Inquiry 1870-1939 (1995), pp. 85-8 ...
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