Southern Italy

Southern Italy or Il Mezzogiorno (, meaning "Midday") is the traditional term for the southern regions of Italy, encompassing the southern section of the continental Italian Peninsula and the two major islands of Sicily and Sardinia. It coincides with the administrative regions of Basilicata, Campania, Calabria, Puglia, Abruzzo, Molise, Sicily, and Sardinia. Some also include the most southern and eastern parts of Lazio (Sora, Cassino, Gaeta, Cittaducale and Amatrice districts) within the Mezzogiorno, because these territories were part, along with all the already listed ones (except Sardinia), of the historical Kingdom of Two Sicilies.

Southern Italy carries a unique legacy of culture. It features many major tourist attractions, such as the Palace of Caserta, the Amalfi Coast, Pompeii, Herculaneum, and other archaeological sites (many of which are protected by UNESCO). Other tourist areas include Pizzo, Tropea, Palermo, and Alberobello. Some of its beaches, woodlands and mountains are preserved in several National Parks, other major examples include La Sila, a mountainous plateau occupying the provinces such as Cosenza and Catanzaro in the region of Calabria. Many medieval towns are located in Southern Italy. The history of Southern Italy boasts numerous kings, queens, princes, dukes, counts, popes, writers, poets, philosophers, knights, artists, architects, craftsmen, musicians, scholars, scientists, politicians, inventors and mathematicians. There are also many ancient Greek cities in Southern Italy which were founded several centuries before the start of the Roman Empire. All of which helped in the formation of the culture of Italy.

The Istituto Nazionale di Statistica (ISTAT) uses the term Southern Italy also for identifying one of the five statistical regions in its reporting, but excluding both Sicily and Sardinia, which form a distinct statistical region denominated Insular Italy. These same subdivisions are at the bottom of the Italian First level NUTS of the European Union and the Italian constituencies for the European Parliament.

Read more about Southern Italy:  Etymology, Geography, Economy, Culture

Other articles related to "southern italy, italy":

Southern Italy - Culture
... Main article Culture of Italy The regions of Southern Italy were exposed to some different historical influences than the rest of the peninsula, starting most notably with Greek colonisation ... Islamic culture, architecture and science were introduced to Italy and Europe ... The Normans who settled in Sicily and Southern Italy in the Middle Ages significantly impacted the architecture, religion and high culture of the region ...
Spanish Conquistadors - History - Iberian Background
... The Spanish kings' possessions extended around the Mediterranean to southern Italy ... They attacked the coastal villages and towns of Portugal, Spain, Southern Italy, the Kingdom of Sicily the Kingdom of Naples and Mediterranean islands ... When pirates sacked Vieste in southern Italy in 1554 they took 7,000 slaves ...
Ancient Rome And Wine - Early History
... had some influences through early settlements in southern Italy, but the earliest recorded evidence of Greek influence dates to 800 BC ... Southern Italy's abundance of indigenous vines provided an ideal opportunity for wine production, giving rise to the Greek name for the region Oenotria ("land of vines") ... The Greek settlements of southern Italy were completely under Roman control by 270 BC ...
Greeks In Italy - Medieval
... of Greeks came to Magna Graecia from Greece and Asia Minor, as Southern Italy remained governed by the Eastern Roman Empire ... Although most of the Greek inhabitants of Southern Italy became de-hellenized and no longer spoke Greek, remarkably a small Griko-speaking minority still exists today in ... as the 11th century (the end of Byzantine domination in Southern Italy) ...

Famous quotes containing the words italy and/or southern:

    I think sometimes that it is almost a pity to enjoy Italy as much as I do, because the acuteness of my sensations makes them rather exhausting; but when I see the stupid Italians I have met here, completely insensitive to their surroundings, and ignorant of the treasures of art and history among which they have grown up, I begin to think it is better to be an American, and bring to it all a mind and eye unblunted by custom.
    Edith Wharton (1862–1937)

    As it grew darker, I was startled by the honking of geese flying low over the woods, like weary travellers getting in late from Southern lakes, and indulging at last in unrestrained complaint and mutual consolation. Standing at my door, I could hear the rush of their wings; when, driving toward my house, they suddenly spied my light, and with hushed clamor wheeled and settled in the pond. So I came in, and shut the door, and passed my first spring night in the woods.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)