Seville

Seville ( /səˈvɪl/; Spanish: Sevilla, ) is the capital of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain. It is situated on the plain of the River Guadalquivir. The inhabitants of the city are known as sevillanos (feminine form: sevillanas) or hispalenses, after the Roman name of the city, Hispalis. Seville has a municipal population of about 703,000 as of 2011, and a metropolitan population of about 1.2 million, making it the fourth-largest city in Spain and the 31st most populous municipality in the European Union. Its Old Town, the third largest in Europe with an area of 4km², contains three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Alcázar palace complex, the Cathedral and the General Archive of the Indies. The Seville harbour, located about 80 km from the Atlantic Ocean, is the only river port in Spain.

Seville was founded as the Roman city of Hispalis. During the Muslim rule in Spain (al-Andalus), Seville came under the jurisdiction of the Caliphate of Córdoba before becoming the independent Taifa of Seville, which was incorporated into the Christian Kingdom of Castile under Ferdinand III in 1248. After the discovery of the Americas, Seville became one of the economic centres of the Spanish Empire as its port monopolised the trans-oceanic trade and the Casa de Contratación (House of Trade) wielded its power, opening a Golden Age of arts and literature. In 1519, Ferdinand Magellan departed from Seville for the first circumnavigation of the Earth. Coinciding with the Baroque period of European history, the 17th century in Seville represented the most brilliant flowering of the city's culture; then began a gradual economic and demographic decline as silting in the Guadalquivir forced the trade monopoly to relocate to the nearby port of Cádiz.

The 20th century in Seville saw the horrors of the Spanish Civil War, decisive cultural milestones such as the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929 and Expo'92, and the city's election as the capital of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. Famous Sevillians include the painters Velázquez and Murillo, the writer Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, the poet Antonio Machado, and Vicente Aleixandre, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Read more about Seville:  History, Government, Main Sights, Education, Famous Natives, Sport, In Fiction, Gallery

Other articles related to "seville":

List Of Seville Metro Stations
... This is a list of stations of the Seville Metro system ... The first line is administered by Seville Metro ...
List Of Equestrian Statues In Spain - Seville
... Equestrian of King Fernando III at the Plaza Nueva ... Prince Baldomero Espartero in Logroño General Juan Prim in Reus General Franco in Santander King Fernando III in Seville ...
Seville Theatre - Redevelopment
... The Seville's overall story is one of "demolition by neglect" the building was not maintained over the years to the point where its most significant features no longer existed and preservation of. 2009, it was announced complete demolition of the remains of the Seville will proceed, in order for redevelopment of the site as part of a $100-million real-estate project by Claridge Properties ... The Seville and surrounding structures were demolished in the summer/fall of 2010 to make way for a 450-unit condo and commercial project called Le Seville ...
List Of Seville Metro Stations - Sorted Alphabetically - Expansion Plans - Distant Projects
... exist for them Name Opened Municipality District Lines Fare Zone Connections Guadaíra Seville Cerro-Amate Plaza de Armas Seville Casco Antiguo Santa Justa Seville Nervión Virgen ...
Seville, Florida - History
... Tampa and Key West Railway, founded the town of Seville in 1882 along the railroad right of way ... He founded the Bank of Seville and built a large brick residence for himself ... and his backers became strained and then bitter, and Lent took his own life at his Seville home in 1889 ...