Sequenza X - List of Techniques

List of Techniques

  • Fluttertonguing - The first notes of the piece are fluttertongued, and Berio makes extensive use of the technique throughout.
  • Doodle tonguing - Used extensively throughout the piece, it is often interchanged rapidly with fluttertonguing.
  • Hand stopping - The trumpeter must produce the notated pitch, which requires a compensation due to the tendency for stopping to change the pitch. The technique is used extensively throughout the piece, and is often paired with a tremolo effect, creating a wah-wah effect.
  • Valve tremolo - Used most often in rapid switches from fluttertonguing and back again.
  • Pedal tone - There are 2 pedal C-sharps in the piece, only a fourth below the standard trumpet range.
  • Shake - A very fast lip trill (sometimes aided by use of 'shaking' the trumpet) between two adjacent partials. This is only used once in this piece.

Read more about this topic:  Sequenza X

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