Sensation (psychology) - Senses and Receptors - Mechanoreceptors

Mechanoreceptors

Mechanoreceptors are sensory receptors which respond to mechanical forces, such as pressure or distortion. While mechanoreceptors are present in hair cells and play an integral role in the vestibular and auditory system, the majority of mechanoreceptors are cutaneous and are grouped into four categories: Slowly Adapting type 1 Receptors have small receptive fields and respond to static stimulation. These receptors are primarily used in the sensations of form and roughness. Slowly Adapting type 2 Receptors have large receptive fields and respond to stretch. Similarly to type 1, they produce sustained responses to a continued stimuli. Rapidly Adapting Receptors have small receptive fields and underlie the perception of slip. Pacinian Receptors have large receptive fields and are the predominant receptors for high frequency vibration.

Read more about this topic:  Sensation (psychology), Senses and Receptors

Other articles related to "mechanoreceptors":

Joint Mobilization - Mechanisms of Action
... to produce selective activation of different mechanoreceptors in the jointHow Manipulation Works PDF ... Grade I - Activates Type I mechanoreceptors with a low threshold and which respond to very small increments of tension ... Activates cutaneous mechanoreceptors ...
Polymodality - Pressure Modality - Somatosensory Information - Mechanoreceptors
... There are four types of mechanoreceptors Meissner corpuscles and merkel cell neurite complexes, located between the epidermis and dermis, and Pacinian ... Mechanoreceptors are classified in terms of their adaptation rate and the size of their receptive field ... Specific mechanoreceptors and their functions include Thermoreceptors that detect changes in skin temperature ...
Mechanosensation - Cutaneous Mechanoreceptors - Rapidly Adapting and Slowly Adapting Mechanoreceptors
... Mechanoreceptors that possess a large diameter and high myelination are called low-threshold mechanoreceptors ... that respond only to skin movement are termed rapidly adapting mechanoreceptors (RA), while those that respond also static indentation are termed slowly adapting mechanoreceptors (SA) ...