Semantic Gap

The semantic gap characterizes the difference between two descriptions of an object by different linguistic representations, for instance languages or symbols. In computer science, the concept is relevant whenever ordinary human activities, observations, and tasks are transferred into a computational representation.

More precisely the gap means the difference between ambiguous formulation of contextual knowledge in a powerful language (e.g. natural language) and its sound, reproducible and computational representation in a formal language (e.g. programming language). Semantics of an object depends on the context it is regarded within. For practical application this means any formal representation of real world tasks requires the translation of the contextual expert knowledge of an application (high-level) into the elementary and reproducible operations of a computing machine (low-level). Since natural language allows the expression of tasks which are impossible to compute in a formal language there are no means to automatize this translation in a general way. Moreover the examination of languages within the Chomsky hierarchy indicates that there is no formal and consequently automated way of translating from one language into another above a certain level of expressional power.

Read more about Semantic GapTheoretical Background, Formal Languages, Practical Consequences, See Also

Other articles related to "semantic gap, semantic, semantic gaps":

Semantic Gap - See Also
... Leaky abstraction Text simplification Semantic differential This article is based on material taken from the Free On-line Dictionary of Computing prior to 1 November 2008 ...
Semantic Intelligence - Semantic Gap
... Several types of semantic gaps can be identified The semantic gap between different data sources - structured or unstructured The semantic gap between ... One application of semantic intelligence is the management of unstructured information, leveraging semantic technology ... Several applications aim to detect and solve different types of semantic gaps ...

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