Sea Caves

Sea Caves

A sea cave, also known as a littoral cave, is a type of cave formed primarily by the wave action of the sea. The primary process involved is erosion. Sea caves are found throughout the world, actively forming along present coastlines and as relict sea caves on former coastlines. Some of the largest wave-cut caves in the world are found on the coast of Norway, but are now 100 feet or more above present sea level. These would still be classified as littoral caves. By contrast, in places like Thailand's Phang Nga Bay, solutionally formed caves in limestone have been flooded by the rising sea and are now subject to littoral erosion, representing a new phase of their enlargement.

Some of the best-known sea caves are European. Fingal's Cave, on the Scottish island of Staffa, is a spacious cave some 70 m long, formed in columnar basalt. The Blue Grotto of Capri, although smaller, is famous for the apparent luminescent quality of its water, imparted by light passing through openings underwater. The Romans built a stairway in its rear and a now-collapsed tunnel to the surface. The Greek islands are also noted for the variety and beauty of their sea caves. Numerous sea caves have been surveyed in England, Scotland, and in France, particularly on the Normandy coast. The largest sea caves are found along the west coast of the United States, the Hawaiian islands, and the Shetland Islands.

Read more about Sea Caves:  Formation, Factors Influencing Size

Other articles related to "sea caves, cave, sea, sea cave, caves":

Sea Caves - Factors Influencing Size
... Most sea caves are small in relation to other cave types ... A current compilation of sea-cave surveys Long sea caves of the world shows three over 300 meters, 15 over 200 meters, and 85 over 100 meters in length ... In Norway, several apparently relict sea caves exceed 300 meters in length ...
Sea Cave
... A sea cave, also known as a littoral cave, is a type of cave formed primarily by the wave action of the sea ... Sea caves are found throughout the world, actively forming along present coastlines and as relict sea caves on former coastlines ... Some of the largest wave-cut caves in the world are found on the coast of Norway, but are now 100 feet or more above present sea level ...
Sea Cave - Factors Influencing Size
... Most sea caves are small in relation to other cave types ... A current compilation of sea-cave surveys Long sea caves of the world shows three over 300 meters, 15 over 200 meters, and 85 over 100 meters in length ... In Norway, several apparently relict sea caves exceed 300 meters in length ...

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