Scientific Phenomena Named After People - M

M

  • Mach band/effect, number, principle – Ernst Mach
  • Mach–Zehnder interferometer – Ludwig Mach and Ludwig Zehnder
  • Madelung constant, Madelung rule, Madelung energy – Erwin Madelung
  • Maggi–Righi–Leduc effect – Gian Antonio Maggi, Augusto Righi and S. Leduc
  • Magnus effect – Heinrich Gustav Magnus
  • Mahalanobis distance – Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis (প্রশান্ত চন্দ্র মহলানবিস)
  • Mahler measure, Mahler's theorem – Kurt Mahler
  • Malmquist bias, effect – Karl Gunnar Malmquist
  • Malus' law – Étienne-Louis Malus
  • Malthusian parameter – named by Ronald Fisher as a criticism of Thomas Robert Malthus
  • Malthusian catastrophe, growth model – Thomas Robert Malthus
  • Mandel'shtam–Brillouin scattering – Leonid Isaakovich Mandel'shtam and Léon Brillouin
  • Marangoni cell/convection (a.k.a. Bénard–Marangoni convection) – see Bénard–Marangoni cell/convection, above
  • Marangoni effect (a.k.a. Gibbs–Marangoni effect) – see Gibbs–Marangoni effect, above
  • Markov's inequality, chain, partition, Markovian process – Andrey Markov
  • Mathieu functions – Émile Léonard Mathieu
  • Matilda effect – Matilda Joslyn Gage
  • Matthew effect – Matthew the Evangelist
  • Maxwell effect (optics) – James Clark Maxwell
  • Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution – James Clark Maxwell and Ludwig Boltzmann
  • Maxwell–Wien bridge – James Clark Maxwell(?) and Wilhelm Wien
  • Mazurkiewicz trace – Antoni Mazurkiewicz
  • McCollough effect – Celeste McCollough
  • McCulloch–Pitts neuron – Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts
  • McGurk effect (a.k.a. McGurk–MacDonald effect) – Harry McGurk (and John MacDonald)
  • Mealy machine – George H. Mealy
  • Meissner effect (a.k.a. Meissner–Ochsenfeld effect) – Walter Meissner (and Robert Ochsenfeld)
  • Mendelian inheritance – Gregor Mendel
  • Mercalli intensity scale (Modified Mercalli scale) – Giuseppe Mercalli
  • Metonic cycle – Meton of Athens
  • Meyers synthesis – Albert I. Meyers
  • Mie scattering (a.k.a. Lorenz–Mie scattering) – Gustav Mie (and Ludvig Lorenz)
  • Mihăilescu's theorem (a.k.a. Catalan's conjecture) – Preda Mihăilescu
  • Mikheyev–Smirnov–Wolfenstein effect – Stanislav Mikheyev, Alexei Smirnov, and Lincoln Wolfenstein
  • Miller effect – John Milton Miller (John M. Miller)
  • Miller indices (a.k.a. Miller–Bravais indices) – William Hallowes Miller (and Auguste Bravais)
  • Misznay–Schardin effect – Col. Misznay and Hubert Schardin
  • Mögel–Dellinger effect – see Dellinger effect, above
  • Mohorovičić discontinuity (Moho) – Andrija Mohorovičić
  • Mohr's circle – Christian Otto Mohr
  • Mohr–Coulomb theory – Christian Otto Mohr and Charles-Augustin de Coulomb
  • Mooers' law – Calvin Mooers
  • Moore machine – Edward Forrest Moore
  • Moore's law – Gordon E. Moore
  • Morgan unit – Thomas Hunt Morgan
  • Moreton wave – Gail E. Moreton
  • Morse potential – Philip M. Morse
  • Mössbauer effect – Rudolf Mössbauer
  • Mott cross section, Mott insulator, Mott transition – Nevill Francis Mott
  • Mpemba effect – Erasto B. Mpemba
  • Müllerian mimicry – Fritz Müller
  • Munroe effect – Charles Edward Munroe
  • Murphy's law – Maj. Edward A. Murphy, Jr.

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