San Antonio, Baja California Sur - Background


With ships "St. Lazarus," "Santa Agueda" and "St. Thomas" above, in 1535, the existing port of La Paz, the conqueror Hernan Cortes and gives the name of Bay St. Croix. Years later Admiral Sebastian Vizcaino in Baptizes, 1596, as La Paz to the city is now the capital of the state of Baja California Sur. In 1616 the Dutch pirates, nicknamed "Pichilingues" anchor their boats, "Great Sun", and "Full Moon" in a bay near La Paz that carries his name now.

Isidro de Atondo and Antillon took possession in 1683, the port, and on behalf of Charles, 11 Spain, designated as the Port of Our Lady of La Paz. In 1720 was founded Mission La Paz by the Jesuit Fathers of Juan Ugarte and Jaime Bravo. The capital of the Californias is transferred to La Paz in 1830, with his political boss Colonel Manuel Victorio.

The comodoros Stockton, Shubreick and Jhones attack, in 1847, the port of La Paz, without encountering resistance. The political head, Francisco Palacios Miranda is submitted by the American army in the same year. In 1853, the filibuster Wílliam Walker, in his boat "Carolina," surprised the garrison paceña, with the chief political prisoner and taking possession of government offices, establishing what he called Republic of the two stars.

Faced with the threat of troops todosanteñas of Lieutenant Colonel Manuel Marquez de Leon, in 1853, the invader Walker leaves La Paz. In the year 1912 the Vice President Pino Suarez visited La Paz and there was received with sympathy.

With the relocation of the Free Municipality in 1972, in the area of the city of La Paz, is installed the first municipal council.

In 1975 approving the conversion of the then state Territory of Baja California Sur, leaving the city of La Paz as the municipality and at the same time as the state capital.

Since the arrival of the Spaniards to the area currently occupied by the municipality of La Paz, its inhabitants were subjected to a radical change, both in his life política-económica, and in the social, being the need to tackle first the conquerors, and then to pirate Americans and French. They have struggled against their fellow countrymen during the meetings of civil wars, military and so on. However, the municipality has managed to overcome these situations, becoming now the main point of Baja California Sur, as it is the headquarters of the Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches, which lie in the city of La Paz, state capital.

The development of productive activities in the city of La Paz reflects significantly, the terms of the economic dynamics of the area, due to the economic influence of this capital city, in which the activities occupy a prominent place as a factor of paramount importance in the economic progress of the town in particular and the state in general, as well as being the gateway to the ancient ruins of guaycuras.

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