Salona

Salona (Ancient Greek: Σάλωνα) was an ancient city on the Dalmatian coast. The name Salona preserves the language of the early inhabitants of this area whom the Romans called Dalmatae, and considered to be part of a larger group called Illyrians. In the first millennium BCE, the Greeks had set up an emporion (marketplace) there. After the conquest by the Romans, Salona became the capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia. The city quickly acquired Roman characteristics: walls, a forum, a theater an amphitheater- –the most conspicuous above-ground remains today—public baths and an aqueduct. Many inscriptions in both Latin and Greek have been found both inside the walls and in the cemeteries outside, since Romans forbad burial inside city boundaries. A number of fine marble sarcophagi from those cemeteries are now in the Archaeological Museum of Split. All this archaeological evidence attests to the city's prosperity and integration into the Roman Empire.

When the Roman Emperor Diocletian retired, he erected a monumental palace nearby; this massive structure, known as Diocletian's Palace, became the core of the modern city of Split. Salona’s continuing prosperity resulted in extensive church building in the fourth and fifth centuries, including an Episcopal basilica and a neighboring church and baptistery inside the walls, and several shrines honoring martyrs outside. These have made it a major site for studying the development of Christian religious architecture. Salona was largely destroyed in the invasions of the Avars and Slavs in the sixth and seventh centuries CE. Refugees from Salona settled inside the remains of Diocletian's Palace. Salona (or Salon) is situated near today's town of Solin, about 5 km.from Split.

Other articles related to "salona":

Croatian Art - Ancient Heritage - Antiquity
... shores as Tragurion (today Trogir), Salona (Solin near Split), Epetion (today Stobreč), Issa (Vis), were geometrically shaped and had villas, harbours, public ... In 3rd century AD the city of Salona becomes the largest (it had 000 ... inhabitants) and most important city of Dalmatia ... Near the city emperor Diocletian, born in Salona, build the Palace (around year 300 AD), which is largest and most important monument of late antique ...
Salona (Mc Lean, Virginia) - History - Salona During The War of 1812
... his wife Dolley received hospitality at Salona ... President Madison was separated from Dolley, who found him at Salona the next day ...
Salona (Mc Lean, Virginia)
... Salona, in McLean, Virginia, is a parcel of land with frontage on Dolley Madison Boulevard, Buchanan Street and Kurtz Road ... The Salona homestead and grounds comprise 7.8 acres (3.2 ha) within the 52.4-acre (21.2 ha) site, and is protected in perpetuity by a 1971 easement to the Fairfax Board of Supervisors ... The Salona agreement places an additional 41 acres (17 ha) under a new conservation easement that The Northern Virginia Conservation Trust will enforce in perpetuity ...
Cathedral Of Saint Domnius - Name
... patron saint of Split, who was a 3rd-century Bishop of Salona ... Salona was a large Roman city serving as capital of the Province of Dalmatia ... He was born in Antioch, in modern-day Syria, and beheaded in 304 at Salona ...
Roman Catholic Archdiocese Of Split-Makarska - History
... Forty-seven bishops of Salona are known Saint Domnius is patron saint of Archidiocese and city of Split ... In 639 Salona was destroyed by the Slavs ... (now Split) began to arise from the ruins of Salona, and after an interregnum of eleven years its archbishops took over the territory of the archbishops of Salona ...