Ruthwell

Ruthwell is a village and parish on the Solway Firth between Dumfries and Annan in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland.

Ruthwell's most famous inhabitant was the Rev. Dr. Henry Duncan. He was a minister, author, antiquarian, geologist, publisher, philanthropist, artist and businessman. In 1810, Dr. Duncan opened the world's first commercial savings bank, paying interest on its investors' modest savings. The Savings Bank Museum tells the story of early home savings in Britain.

In 1818, Dr. Duncan restored the Ruthwell Cross, one of the finest Anglo-Saxon crosses in the United Kingdom, now in Ruthwell church, which had been broken up in the Scottish Reformation. This cross is remarkable for its sculpture and inscriptions in Latin and Old English, some in Anglo-Saxon runes, which include excerpts from The Dream of the Rood, an Old English poem. After the Disruption of 1843 in the Church of Scotland, Dr. Duncan became one of the founding ministers of the Free Church of Scotland.

During his youth, Robert Murray M'Cheyne spent summer holidays at Clarence Cottage in the hamlet of Clarencefield near Ruthwell, the home of his maternal aunt. During these visits he would often call to see "Uncle" Henry Duncan at the manse. M'Cheyne's parents were born in this part of Scotland.

A well situated 3 km west of the village of Ruthwell is stained reddish (Latin: rutilius) by the high levels of iron salts in the water. This red well is now most noted as the place where Robert Burns hoped to cure his final illness by drinking the iron-rich water.

Other articles related to "ruthwell":

Anglo-Saxon Art - Monumental Sculpture and Wall Painting
... Some featured large figurative sculpture of considerable quality, as on the Ruthwell Cross and Bewcastle Cross (both probably around 800) ... and interlace are seen in alternating panels on the early Northumbrian Ruthwell, Bewcastle and Easby Crosses, though the vine-scroll is already more prominent, and has faces to itself ... or Roman scripts, and Latin or Old English, most famously at Ruthwell, where some of the poem the Dream of the Rood is inscribed together with Latin texts more often donors are commemorated ...
Dream Of The Rood - Possible Authorship
... is unknown, but by knowing the approximate date of the Ruthwell Cross, scholars have been able to suggest possible authors ... Old English scholar and noted commentator on the Ruthwell Cross Daniel H ... Haigh argues that the inscription of the Ruthwell Cross must be fragments of one of Caedmon's lost poems, stating "On this monument, erected about A.D ...
Ruthwell Cross - Destruction and Restoration
... was taken down when an Act was passed "anent the Idolatrous Monuments in Ruthwell." The usual account is that the cross was taken down in the church or churchyard soon after ... For that reason, I shall refer throughout to the Ruthwell Monument in preference to the Ruthwell cross." In his 1998 essay, “Rethinking the Ruthwell Monument Fragments and Critique Tradition and History ... the piece is made of two different types of stone “… it seems to make more sense to see the Ruthwell monument as originally a column … amended with the ...
Henry Duncan (minister) - Ministry and Works - Other Works
... he contributed a description of a celebrated runic cross the Ruthwell Cross, one of the finest Anglo-Saxon crosses in Britain, now in Ruthwell church ... Duncan was visited by Robert Murray M'Cheyne during his vacations in Ruthwell ...
Ruthwell Cross
... The Ruthwell Cross is a stone Anglo-Saxon cross probably dating from the 8th century, when Ruthwell was part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria it is now in Scotland ... It has been described by Nikolaus Pevsner thus "The crosses of Bewcastle and Ruthwell.. ... In 1887 it was moved into its current location in Ruthwell church, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, when the apse which holds it was specially built ...