Russian–American Telegraph

The Russian–American Telegraph, also known as the Western Union Telegraph Expedition and the Collins Overland Telegraph, was a $3,000,000 (equivalent to $45 million in present day terms) undertaking by the Western Union Telegraph Company in 1865-1867, to lay an electric telegraph line from San Francisco, California to Moscow, Russia.

The route was intended to travel from California via Oregon, Washington Territory, the Colony of British Columbia and Russian America, under the Bering Sea and across Siberia to Moscow, where lines would communicate with the rest of Europe. It was proposed as an alternate to long, deep underwater cables in the Atlantic.

Abandoned in 1867, the Russian–American Telegraph was considered an economic failure, but history now deems it a "successful failure" because of the many benefits the exploration brought to the regions that were traversed.

Read more about Russian–American TelegraphPerry Collins and Cyrus West Field, Preparations, Route Through Russian America, Route Through British Columbia, Legacy, Places Named For The Expedition Members, Books and Memoirs Written About The Expedition

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Russian–American Telegraph - Books and Memoirs Written About The Expedition
... Telegraph records provide evidence for native land claims such as those of the Gitxsan Nation of northern British Columbia ...