River Aire

The River Aire is a major river in Yorkshire, England, 71 miles (114 km) in length. Part of the river is canalised, and is known as the Aire and Calder Navigation.

The Aire rises Malham Tarn, flowing underground to Aire Head, near Malham, in North Yorkshire, and then flows through Gargrave and Skipton. After Cononley, the river enters West Yorkshire where it passes through the former industrial areas of Keighley, Bingley, Saltaire and Shipley. It then passes through Leeds and on to the villages of Swillington and Woodlesford. At Castleford is the confluence of the Aire and Calder; just downstream of the confluence was the ford where the ancient British road, used by the Romans, crossed on its way north to York. The river re-enters North Yorkshire near Knottingley and in its lower reaches forms part of the boundary between North Yorkshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire.

The River Aire empties into the River Ouse at Airmyn, 'myn' being an old English word for 'river mouth'. The name possibly derived from Brythonic *Isara, meaning "strong river". The Aire could have been the winwœd or winwæd written about in Old English, from the Old English elements winnan or win ("strife", "fight") and wæd ("shallow water", "ford"), however others have proposed that it is actually the Went (also called the "wynt" in Old English) or the Cock Beck (see Battle of the Winwaed). Still others have claimed that it is actually the name of the battle and not the body of water itself.

Read more about River AireSettlements

Other articles related to "aire, river, river aire":

Aire And Calder Navigation - History
... Aire and Calder Navigation Legend Leeds and Liverpool Canal Leeds Leeds Lock Calder and Hebble Navigation River Calder and Wakefield Knostrop Flood Gates Fall Ing Lock River Aire ... had made further attempts to obtain an act of Parliament for improvements to the river in 1679, again without success, but as the 1600s drew to a close, a ... John Hadley surveyed the Aire, and Samual Shelton surveyed the Calder ...
... is a village in West Yorkshire, England at a historically important crossing of the River Aire ... of Anglo-Saxon settlements along this stretch of the river ... Ferrybridge stands where the Great North Road crosses the River Aire ...
Beal, North Yorkshire
53.723°N 1.194°W / 53.723 -1.194 Beal Weir on the River Aire Beal Population 720 (2001) OS grid reference SE5325 Civil parish Beal District Selby Shire county North ... It is located on the River Aire, 3.6 miles (5.8 km) north east of Knottingley, 8.0 miles (12.9 km) south west of Selby, and 21.2 miles (34.1 km) south of York ... of Old English origins and means "Nook of land in a river-bend" ...
River Aire - Settlements
... Hensall Gowdall Snaith Rawcliffe Newland Airmyn (Joins River Ouse) South of Malham Bingley Kirkstall Abbey The 2008 bridge over the River Aire at Castleford Castleford Leeds city centre Clarence Dock, Leeds ...

Famous quotes containing the word river:

    It is like watching a nation busily engaged in heaping up its own funeral pyre.... As I look ahead, I am filled with foreboding. Like the Roman, I seem to see “the River Tiber foaming with much blood.”
    J. Enoch Powell (b. 1912)