Renault 4

The Renault 4, also known as the 4L (pronounced "Quatrelle"), is a hatchback economy car produced by the French automaker Renault between 1961 and 1992. It was the first front-wheel drive family car produced by Renault.

The car was launched at a time when several decades of economic stagnation were giving way to growing prosperity and surging car ownership in France. The first million cars were produced by 1 February 1966, less than four and a half years after launch, a commercial success for Renault because of the timing of its introduction and the merits of its design. It was exceptionally spacious for its size, and although regarded as a small estate car when launched, it is now seen as the first hatchback family car. Along with the Renault 16, it pioneered the popularization to the European private motorist of the hatchback during the 1960s. The only car to pre-date its front-wheel drive and top-hinged hatchback, was the 1954 Citro├źn Traction Avant Commerciale, which was marketed at commercial travelling salesmen and the Saab 95 launched in 1959.

Read more about Renault 4:  Origins and Strategy, Launch of The R3 and R4, Engines, Transmission, Structure and Running Gear, Suspension, Around The World, Design, Variants, End of The R4, In Motorsport

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Renault 4 - In Motorsport
... The Renault 4 was originally powered by a 20 hp (15 kW) engine and its suspension was never intended for sporting dynamics, so it should have been no surprise that it came last in the ... The Renault 4 had certain advantages in its high torque and a suspension and ground-clearance that gave it go-anywhere capabilities ... This meant that Renault was able to give it a sporting image with programmes such as the "Cross Elf Cup of France" in 1974 and the "Routes du Monde" programme in 1968 ...