Rates - History

History

Rates is a historic small town that developed around the Monastery of Rates, established by Henry, Count of Portugal in 1100 AD on the site of an older temple dating to the 9th century and with sculpture elements dating to the Roman empire. A Roman road runed through it. Rates naming seems pre-Roman in origin. It gained importance due to the legend of Saint Peter of Rates, mythical first bishop of Braga and martyr while attempting to convert Roman pagans to Christianity, becoming in a central place in the Portuguese Way of Saint James.

The Town of Rates, a municipality, already existed in the 13th century and the ecclesiastical parish exists from time immemorial, while the earliest record is from the 11th century.

In the 16th century, the monastery was dissolved and a commendation of the Order of Christ was created. Its first knight commander was Tomé de Sousa, who John III of Portugal made the first Governor of Brazil.

The town was extinct has it lost its municipal status in 1836 and was annexed to Póvoa de Varzim. It gained town status on July 2, 1993, due to its historical importance. This new status is merely honorary in nature and not of administrative importance.

Clock tower Former town hall and pillory The main square of Rates

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    What is most interesting and valuable in it, however, is not the materials for the history of Pontiac, or Braddock, or the Northwest, which it furnishes; not the annals of the country, but the natural facts, or perennials, which are ever without date. When out of history the truth shall be extracted, it will have shed its dates like withered leaves.
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    The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and not the history of theirs?
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