Railway electrification in Great Britain began during the late 19th century. A range of voltages have been used in the intervening period, employing both overhead lines and third rails; however the most common standard for mainline services is now 25 kV AC using overhead lines and the 750 V DC third-rail system used in southeast England. 40 percent—3,062 miles (4,928 km)—of the British rail network was electrified, and 60 percent of all rail journeys were by electric traction (both by locomotives and multiple units). 66 percent of the electrified network uses the 25 kV AC overhead system, and 36 percent uses the 660/750 V DC third-rail system. Subways, light rail and tram systems employ a variety of other systems.
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