Pterygium (Surfer's Eye) most often refers to a benign growth of the conjunctiva. A pterygium commonly grows from the nasal side of the sclera. It is usually present in the palpebral fissure. It is associated with and thought to be caused by ultraviolet-light exposure (e.g., sunlight), low humidity, and dust. The predominance of pterygia on the nasal side is possibly a result of the sun's rays passing laterally through the cornea, where it undergoes refraction and becomes focused on the limbic area. Sunlight passes unobstructed from the lateral side of the eye, focusing on the medial limbus after passing through the cornea. On the contralateral (medial) side, however, the shadow of the nose medially reduces the intensity of sunlight focused on the lateral/temporal limbus.
Other articles related to "pterygium":
... Today a variety of options are available for the management of pterygium from irradiation, to conjunctival auto-grafting or amniotic membrane transplantation, along with glue and ... As it is a benign growth, pterygiumtypically does not require surgery unless it grows to such an extent that it covers the pupil, obstructing vision or presents with acute symptoms ... However, no reliable medical treatment exists to reduce or even prevent pterygiumprogression ...