Pragmatics

Pragmatics is a subfield of linguistics which studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning. Pragmatics encompasses speech act theory, conversational implicature, talk in interaction and other approaches to language behavior in philosophy, sociology, and linguistics and anthropology. Unlike semantics, which examines meaning that is conventional or "coded" in a given language, pragmatics studies how the transmission of meaning depends not only on structural and linguistic knowledge (e.g., grammar, lexicon, etc.) of the speaker and listener, but also on the context of the utterance, any preexisting knowledge about those involved, the inferred intent of the speaker, and other factors. In this respect, pragmatics explains how language users are able to overcome apparent ambiguity, since meaning relies on the manner, place, time etc. of an utterance.

The ability to understand another speaker's intended meaning is called pragmatic competence.

Read more about PragmaticsStructural Ambiguity, Etymology, Origins, Areas of Interest, Referential Uses of Language, Related Fields, Pragmatics in Literary Theory, Significant Works

Other articles related to "pragmatics":

Marcelo Dascal - Current Research - Philosophy of Language, Pragmatics and Cognitive Science
... pragmatics ... He has published Pragmatics and the Philosophy of Mind (Amsterdam, 1983), and has edited the relevant volume of the Enciclopedia IberoAmericana de Filosofia, (Madrid, 1999) and ... founded and edits the interdisciplinary journal Pragmatics Cognition (Amsterdam) ...
Universal Pragmatics - Goals and Methods
... Universal pragmatics is associated with the philosophical method of rational reconstruction ... The basic concern in universal pragmatics is utterances (or speech acts) in general ... Universal pragmatics is also distinct from the field of sociolinguistics ...
Pragmatics - Significant Works
... Leech's politeness maxims Levinson's Presumptive Meanings J├╝rgen Habermas's universal pragmatics Dan Sperber and Deirdre Wilson's relevance theory Dallin D ...