Power Supply Rejection Ratio

In electronics, power supply rejection ratio or PSRR is a term widely used in the electronic amplifier (especially operational amplifier) or voltage regulator datasheets; used to describe the amount of noise from a power supply that a particular device can reject.

The PSRR is defined as the ratio of the change in supply voltage to the equivalent (differential) input voltage it produces in the op-amp, often expressed in decibels. An ideal op-amp would have infinite PSRR. The output voltage will depend on the feedback circuit, as is the case of regular input offset voltages. But testing is not confined to DC (zero frequency); often an operational amplifier will also have its PSRR given at various frequencies (in which case the ratio is one of RMS amplitudes of sinewaves present at a power supply compared with the output, with gain taken into account).

For example: an amplifier with a PSRR of 100 dB in a circuit to give 40 dB closed-loop gain would allow about 1 millivolt of power supply ripple to be superimposed on the output for every 1 volt of ripple in the supply. This is because


And since thats 60 dB of rejection, the sign is negative so:


  • The PSRR doesn't necessarily have the same poles as A(s), the open-loop gain of the op-amp, but generally tends to also worsen with increasing frequency (e.g. ).
  • For amplifiers with both positive and negative power supplies (with respect to earth, as op-amps often have), the PSRR for each supply voltage may be separately specified (sometimes written: PSRR+ and PSRR-), but normally the PSRR is tested with opposite polarity signals applied to both supply rails at the same time (otherwise the common-mode rejection ratio (CMRR) will affect the measurement of the PSRR).
  • For voltage regulators the PSRR is occasionally quoted (confusingly; to refer to output voltage change ratios), but often the concept is transferred to other terms relating changes in output voltage to input: Ripple Rejection (RR) for low frequencies, Line Transient Response for high frequencies, and Line Regulation for DC.
  • Sometimes kSVR (or simply SVR) is used to denote the Power Supply Rejection Ratio (e.g. )

Famous quotes containing the words ratio, rejection, power and/or supply:

    Personal rights, universally the same, demand a government framed on the ratio of the census: property demands a government framed on the ratio of owners and of owning.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    All rejection and negation indicates a deficiency in fertility: fundamentally, if only we were good plowland we would allow nothing to go unused, and in every thing, event, and person we would welcome manure, rain, or sunshine.
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)

    Language is legislation, speech is its code. We do not see the power which is in speech because we forget that all speech is a classification, and that all classifications are oppressive.
    Roland Barthes (1915–1980)

    Odors from decaying food wafting through the air when the door is opened, colorful mold growing between a wet gym uniform and the damp carpet underneath, and the complete supply of bath towels scattered throughout the bedroom can become wonderful opportunities to help your teenager learn once again that the art of living in a community requires compromise, negotiation, and consensus.
    Barbara Coloroso (20th century)