The Republic of Turkey
On 1 November 1922, the National Assembly, led by Mustafa Kemal, abolished the Sultinate and the last Sultan, Mehmed VI abdicated and fled the country. Turkey was declared a republic on 28 October 1923. The republic's first stamp issue was a definitive series depicting a star and crescent, somewhat reminiscent of the Duloz issue. This issue marked the end of the use of the Tughra which had appeared as a design element in most of Turkey's stamps from 1863 to 1922.
The first republic issue was followed by an issue commemorating the Treaty of Peace at Lausanne, and other issues depicting national scenes and Mustafa Kemal. From the late 1920s up to 1940, Turkey overprinted a number of stamps to commemorate events such as exhibitions or the opening of a railroad.
In 1931, Turkey began a new stamp issue in a more contemporary style depicting Mustafa Kemal. Mustafa Kemal would continue to be a common subject of Turkey's stamps thereafter. In the following decades, Turkey's stamp production became more varied, producing colorful stamps with a great diversity of images including scenes of the country, archeological sites, famous Turks, native flora and fauna, and folk costumes, to name just a few.
Up to 1937, all of Turkey's stamps had been printed by either engraving or typography. In 1937, Turkey issued its first stamp printed by lithography and in 1938 it printed a stamp issue by photogravure, which thereafter became the standard methods for printing its stamps.
Read more about this topic: Postage Stamps And Postal History Of Turkey
Other articles related to "the republic of, republic, the republic of turkey, the republic, republics":
... Moldova i/mɔːlˈdoʊvə/, officially the Republic of Moldova (Moldovan/Romanian Republica Moldova ) is a landlocked nation in Eastern Europe located between Romania to the west and Ukraine ... same boundaries as the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1991 as part of the dissolution of the Soviet Union ... The nation is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government ...
... When the republic was founded in 1923 the 10th Army was garrisoned here, bringing a boost to the local economy ...
... A distinct set of definitions for the word republic evolved in the United States ... In common parlance a republic is a state that does not practice direct democracy but rather has a government indirectly controlled by the people ... by Machiavelli and did not exist in the classical republics ...
... and Barbuda, Sultanate of Brunei, Cook Islands, Republic of Gambia, Niue, Republic of Palau, Solomon Islands, Republic of Vanuatu and the states with limited recognition ...
Famous quotes containing the words turkey and/or republic:
“It has been an unchallengeable American doctrine that cranberry sauce, a pink goo with overtones of sugared tomatoes, is a delectable necessity of the Thanksgiving board and that turkey is uneatable without it.... There are some things in every country that you must be born to endure; and another hundred years of general satisfaction with Americans and America could not reconcile this expatriate to cranberry sauce, peanut butter, and drum majorettes.”
—Alistair Cooke (b. 1908)
“Our constitution works. Our great republic is a government of laws, not of men.”
—Gerald R. Ford (b. 1913)