Port Fuad (Egyptian Arabic: بور فؤاد Borfoʾād or Porfoʾād, the first syllable has its pronunciation from French) is a city in north-eastern Egypt under the jurisdiction of Port Said Governorate, located across the Suez Canal from Port Said. It forms the northwesternmost part of Sinai Peninsula and has a population of 560,000 (as of 2003). Port Fuad and Port Said together form a metropolitan area.
Port Fuad was established in 1926, principally to relieve overcrowding in Port Said, and was named after King Fuad I (also transliterated as Fuad), the first holder of the title King of Egypt in the modern era (having previously held the title Sultan of Egypt).
The city is located on a triangular island which is bounded by the Mediterranean on the north, the Suez Canal on the west, and the relatively new junction between the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean on the east. The Suez Canal Authority forms the main employment of the city, and its employees comprise most of the population. It has one general hospital.
After the war of 1967 Port Fuad was the only piece of Sinai held by the Egyptians. The Israelis tried to capture Port Fuad during the War of Attrition, but failed. After the October War, the Camp David Accord in 1978 Israel agreed to return Sinai to Egypt peacefully, and later the two countries signed a peace treaty. Today Port Fuad is a major Air Defence Position for Egypt.
Coordinates: 31°15′N 32°19′E / 31.25°N 32.317°E / 31.25; 32.317
Famous quotes containing the word port:
“It is by a mathematical point only that we are wise, as the sailor or the fugitive slave keeps the polestar in his eye; but that is sufficient guidance for all our life. We may not arrive at our port within a calculable period, but we would preserve the true course.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)