- In April 2000, Brazil released a 10 real polymer bill to celebrate the 500th anniversary of the Portuguese arrival in America. Casa da Moeda do Brasil printed 250 million banknotes, around half the 10 real bills in circulation.
- In November 2000, the People's Republic of China issued a 100 yuan note to commemorate the millennium.
- In December 2000, Bangladesh issued 10-Taka polymer notes.
- In 2000, the Chatham Islands issued the first of three sets of commemorative banknotes for the collecting market.
- On 1 January 2001, Australia issued a commemorative $5 polymer banknote. It commemorated the centenary of federation.
- In June 2001, the Solomon Islands issued $2 polymer banknotes, however they reverted back to paper notes in 2006.
- In the summer of 2001, Vietnam issued a 50-dong commemorative banknote.
- In February 2002, Nepal issued a 10 rupee polymer banknote, commemorating the new King Gyanendra. In 2005 it issued a version for circulation without the commemorative text.
- In September 2002, Mexico switched 20 peso banknotes from paper to polymer banknotes. Two more new polymer notes issued in 2006, for the 20 pesos (new design) and 50 pesos.
- In 2003, Zambia was the first African country to adopt polymer banknotes, with 500 and 1000 kwacha denominations.
- In November 2003, Papua New Guinea issued a 20 kina banknote, and began the process of issuing all denominations in polymer format. The only remaining denomination not in polymer is the 5 kina note.
- From December 2003 to August 2006, Vietnam adopted polymer banknote in 10,000, 20,000, 50,000, 100,000, 200,000 and 500,000 đồng for general circulation, becoming the fourth country to fully convert to polymer notes.
- In September 2004, the 2000 Chilean peso bills began to be issued in polymer banknotes
- In 2004 it was estimated that there were over 3 billion polymer notes in service.
- In 2004, the only polymer note for general circulation in Thailand, the 50 baht note issued in 1997, was reissued in paper format. Commemorative notes continue to be issued in polymer format.
- In 2004, the only polymer note for general circulation in Indonesia, the 100,000 rupiah note issued in 1999, was re-issued on paper.
- In 2005, Papua New Guinea issued the new 100 kina note, its first denomination that was never printed in paper format.
- In July 2005, Romania became the first country to issue a full second generation of plastic notes of each of its denominations; the notes bearing the same design format as the old notes, but their size brings them in line with euro banknotes, and are denominated in a reformed currency where 1 new leu = 10,000 lei
- In 2005, Bulgaria issued the first hybrid paper/polymer banknotes, denominated 20 (new) leva, featuring two plastic "windows" and a hologram.
- In November 2006 Mexico issued a new 50 pesos polymer banknotes.
- In 2006 CSIRO, the Australian Government agency issued a non legal tender polymer note to celebrate the 80th year of the formation of CSIRO. These notes were issued and distributed to staff members and at selected public events.
- On February 28, 2007, Nigeria issued the 20 naira note as polymer banknotes. On September 30, 2009, the Central Bank of Nigeria issued 5-, 10-, and 50-naira banknotes printed on polymer. On September 29, 2010, a 50-naira note was issued to commemorate the nation's 50th anniversary of independence.
- In mid 2007, Hong Kong issued the polymer 10 dollar note for a 2-year trial period.
- In June 2007, Brunei became the fifth country to fully convert to polymer notes.
- In August 2007, Guatemala issued a 1 quetzal polymer banknote. On November 14, 2011, a 5 quetzal banknote was issued in a polymer substrate.
- On 13 April 2008, Israel started to issue 20 NIS Banknotes, due to the high deterioration of 20 NIS paper banknotes. The Israeli polymer notes are printed by Orell Füssli Security Printing of Zürich, Switzerland.
- On 15 April 2008, Papua New Guinea issued 5 and new 10 kina banknotes for general circulation. 5 Kina being the last denomination for Papua New Guinea on polymer.
- On 1 December 2008, Romania started issuing a revised version of the 10 lei banknote.
- On 3 March 2009, Bermuda releases new polymer notes.
- On 15 May 2009, Nicaragua released new polymer ten and twenty Nicaragua córdoba banknotes to replace their paper counterparts. After an announcement from the Central Bank of Nicaragua in 2008 stated that a new 200 Córdoba banknote would be in circulation, it took the country an additional year to prepare its new set of banknotes. A new polymer two hundred and a hundred córdoba banknote was first issued on the first of June, 2009. In December 2009, a new 50 banknote was released, later followed by a new 500 C$ banknote that was issued on January 12, 2010.
- In September 2009, Reserve Bank of India announced that it will introduce 100 Crore (1 billion) Rs. 10 notes.
- In September 2009, Central Bank of Chile introduced the new series of the Chilean Peso, starting with the redesigned 5000 Pesos banknote.
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