Plotino Rhodakanaty - Biography


Rhodakanaty was born on October 14, 1828 in Athens, Greece to a member of Greek nobility and his Austrian wife. Rhodakanaty's father died during the Greek war for independence against the Turks, and his mother took him to Vienna. In 1848, Rhodakanaty traveled to Budapest to assist in the failed Hungarian uprising of that year. He traveled next to Berlin where he was exposed to the ideas of Hegel, Fourier, and Proudhon. In 1850, he visited Paris specifically to meet Proudhon after reading the latter's What Is Property? While in Paris, he learned of Mexico's rural system of relatively self-governing agricultural communities and of the threat to them presented by capitalism and privatization. He supported the effort to save them and went to Barcelona where he lived for at least two years in the large anarchist community there. Rhodakanaty planned to help save that way of life in Mexico.

In 1861, the same year he arrived in Mexico, he wrote Cartilla Socialista and began propagating the ideas of contemporary European thinkers, particularly Fourier, Proudhon, and Bakunin. He published other radical essays, characterized by his famous quote "Down with all governments" (abajo con todos los gobiernos). including Neopanteísmo, founded journals, and in 1870 helped establish an "escuela libre" at Chalco. The term "escuela libre" was used by anarchists to distinguish themselves from government and church—influenced education. The school was run by his disciple Francisco Zalacosta who went on to lead peasant insurrections involving as many as 1,500 fighters at a time in central Mexico. To support himself, he taught at the Colegio de San Ildefonso in downtown Mexico City, where he organized like-minded students. A circle of followers emerged, including Santiago Villanueva, Francisco Zalacosta, Julio Chávez López, and José María Gonzales. These people and others would later form an important nucleus in the early Mexican labor and peasant movements.

Rhodakanaty is also known as the first Elder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Mexico. In his older age he moved to Ajusco in the mountains southwest of Mexico City. He taught in that small school throughout the time that Otilio Montana, the author of Emiliano Zapata's famous Plan De Ayala, attended as a young student. The Plan de Ayala closely related Rhodakanaty's goal of a democratic and self-governing society in rural Mexico.

Read more about this topic:  Plotino Rhodakanaty

Other articles related to "biography":

Naoko Takeuchi - Biography - Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon Involvement
... She showed up at the official conference with a fist up, meaning "good luck", in Act Zero ... During the time she worked on PGSM Takeuchi released no new manga. ...
Virginia Woolf - Bibliography - "Biographies"
... Virginia Woolf published three books to which she gave the subtitle "A Biography" Orlando A Biography (1928, usually characterised as a novel inspired by the life of Vita Sackville-West) Flush A ...
James Branch Cabell - Works - The Biography of Manuel
... A great deal of Cabell's work has focused on The Biography of Manuel, the story of a character named Dom Manuel and his descendants through many generations ... The biography includes a total of 25 works that were written over a 23-year period ... Cabell stated that he considered the Biography to be a single work, and supervised its publication in a single uniform edition of 18 volumes, known as the Storisende Edition, published from 1927 to 1930 ...
Norman Foster, Baron Foster Of Thames Bank - Biography - Present Day
... Foster's earlier designs reflected a sophisticated, machine-influenced high-tech vision ... His style has evolved into a more sharp-edged modernity ...
Biography - Book Awards
... Several countries offer an annual prize for writing a biography such as the Drainie-Taylor Biography Prize – Canada National Biography Award – Australia Pulitzer Prize for ...

Famous quotes containing the word biography:

    There never was a good biography of a good novelist. There couldn’t be. He is too many people, if he’s any good.
    F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896–1940)

    The best part of a writer’s biography is not the record of his adventures but the story of his style.
    Vladimir Nabokov (1899–1977)

    Just how difficult it is to write biography can be reckoned by anybody who sits down and considers just how many people know the real truth about his or her love affairs.
    Rebecca West (1892–1983)