**Avogadro Constant**

The Avogadro constant *N*_{A} is determined as the ratio of the mass of one mole of electrons to the mass of a single electron: The mass of one mole of electrons is the "relative atomic mass" of an electron *A*_{r}(e), which can be measured in a Penning trap (*u*_{r} = 4.2×10−10), multiplied by the molar mass constant *M*_{u}, which is defined as 0.001 kg/mol.

The dependence of the Avogadro constant on the Planck constant (*r*2 > 0.999) also holds for the physical constants which are related to amount of substance, such as the atomic mass constant. The uncertainty in the value of the Planck constant limits the knowledge of the masses of atoms and subatomic particles when expressed in SI units. It is possible to measure the masses more precisely in atomic mass units, but not to convert them more precisely into kilograms.

Read more about this topic: Planck Constant, Dependent Physical Constants

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