Philoponus

Philoponus

John Philoponus ( /fɨˈlɒpənəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἰωάννης ὁ Φιλόπονος; 490 – 570) also known as John the Grammarian or John of Alexandria, was a Christian and Aristotelian commentator and the author of a considerable number of philosophical treatises and theological works. A rigorous, sometimes polemical writer and an original thinker who was controversial in his own time, John Philoponus broke from the Aristotelian-Neoplatonic tradition, questioning methodology and eventually leading to empiricism in the natural sciences.

He was posthumously condemned as a heretic by the Orthodox Church in 680-81 because of what was perceived of as a tritheistic interpretation of the Trinity.

His works were widely printed in Latin translations in Europe from the 15th century onwards. His critique of Aristotle in the Physics commentary was a major influence on Giovanni Pico della Mirandola and Galileo Galilei, who cited Philoponus substantially in his works.

Read more about PhiloponusLife, Writings, Historiographical Contribution, See Also

Other articles related to "philoponus":

John Philoponus - Writings - Philosophical Commentaries
... In that regard, the repetitive nature of Philoponus’ commentaries demonstrates his pedagogical awareness ... Although in the abstract manner, Philoponus is chiefly focused on the concept in question ... Most of Philoponus’ early philosophical works strive to define the distinction between matter, extension, place and various kinds of change ...
John Philoponus - Historiographical Contribution
... John Philoponus’ Christological “opus magnum” stands in the line with St ... Philoponus asserted the understanding of Christ as a divine and a human, in opposition to Chalcedonian authors who strove to reach a middle ground ... Philoponus’ view of space as homogeneity is influenced by the Hellenic teaching of Aristotle ...
Monotheistic Tritheism - Historical Uses of The Term in Christianity
... The principal writer was John Philoponus, the great Aristotelian commentator the leaders were two bishops, Conon of Tarsus and Eugenius of Seleucia in Isauria, who were deposed by their ... Philoponus dedicated to him a book on the Trinity ... The Tritheist bishops refused to anathematize Philoponus, and brought proofs that he agreed with Severus and Theodosius ...
Momentum - History of The Concept
... working in Alexandria, Byzantine philosopher John Philoponus developed a concept of momentum in his commentary to Aristotle's Physics ... Philoponus pointed out the absurdity in Aristotle's claim that motion of an object is promoted by the same air that is resisting its passage ... by his Latinized name Avicenna) read Philoponus and published his own theory of motion in The Book of Healing in 1020 ...