The Penny Black was the world's first adhesive postage stamp used in a public postal system. It was issued in Britain on 1 May 1840, for official use from 6 May of that year.
All London post offices received official issues of the new stamps but other offices throughout the United Kingdom did not, continuing to accept postage payments in cash only for a period. Post offices such as those in Bath began offering the stamp unofficially after 2 May.
The idea of an adhesive stamp to indicate pre-payment of postage was part of Sir Rowland Hill's 1837 proposals to reform the British postal system; it was normal then for the recipient to pay postage on delivery. A companion idea, which Hill disclosed on 13 February 1837 at a government enquiry, was that of a separate sheet that folded to form an enclosure or envelope for carrying letters. At that time postage was charged by the sheet and on the distance travelled.
Postal delivery systems using what may have been adhesive stamps existed before the Penny Black. Apparently the idea had at least been suggested earlier in Austria, Sweden, and possibly Greece.
Other articles related to "penny black, black, penny":
... In 1990, the Royal Mail issued 5 stamps to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Penny Black ... image of Queen Elizabeth II overlaying the image of Queen Victoria from the Penny Black ... Only size (21mm x 24mm) Value Colour Date 1st Issue 15p light blue Jan 1990. 20p black cream Jan 1990. 20p black Apr 1990. 29p purple Jan 1990. 34p slate blue Jan 1990. 37p red Jan 1990. 1st black Feb ...
... In addition to the general issue of the Penny Black, a similar stamp was produced with the letters V and R in the top corners replacing the stars, intended for official mail ... These trials led to the change from black to red stamps, and vice versa for the cancellations ...
... McGowan worked with Charles Nissen on the plating of the Penny Black and the Penny Red and was the co-author with Nissen of The Plating of the Penny Black ... McGowan and Nissen's work on the Penny Red formed the basis of the later work by J.B ... won a gold medal for his display of the Penny Red Die II at London ...
... Penny Black - World's first postage stamp Penny Blue - Trial printings from a penny black plate Two pence blue - Issued for second rate step, at same time as ...
Famous quotes containing the words black and/or penny:
“Of course Im a black writer.... Im not just a black writer, but categories like black writer, woman writer and Latin American writer arent marginal anymore. We have to acknowledge that the thing we call literature is more pluralistic now, just as society ought to be. The melting pot never worked. We ought to be able to accept on equal terms everybody from the Hassidim to Walter Lippmann, from the Rastafarians to Ralph Bunche.”
—Toni Morrison (b. 1931)
“I had not given a penny for a song
Did not the poet sing it with such airs
That one believed he had a sword upstairs;
Yet would be now, could I but have my wish,
Colder and dumber and deafer than a fish.”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)