Penny Black

The Penny Black was the world's first adhesive postage stamp used in a public postal system. It was issued in Britain on 1 May 1840, for official use from 6 May of that year.

All London post offices received official issues of the new stamps but other offices throughout the United Kingdom did not, continuing to accept postage payments in cash only for a period. Post offices such as those in Bath began offering the stamp unofficially after 2 May.

The idea of an adhesive stamp to indicate pre-payment of postage was part of Sir Rowland Hill's 1837 proposals to reform the British postal system; it was normal then for the recipient to pay postage on delivery. A companion idea, which Hill disclosed on 13 February 1837 at a government enquiry, was that of a separate sheet that folded to form an enclosure or envelope for carrying letters. At that time postage was charged by the sheet and on the distance travelled.

Postal delivery systems using what may have been adhesive stamps existed before the Penny Black. Apparently the idea had at least been suggested earlier in Austria, Sweden, and possibly Greece.

Read more about Penny BlackTreasury Competition, Imprimatur Sheets, Printing, Rarity, The VR Official

Other articles related to "penny black, black, penny":

List Of Machin Stamps - Penny Black Anniversary Issues
... In 1990, the Royal Mail issued 5 stamps to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Penny Black ... image of Queen Elizabeth II overlaying the image of Queen Victoria from the Penny Black ... Only size (21mm x 24mm) Value Colour Date 1st Issue 15p light blue Jan 1990. 20p black cream Jan 1990. 20p black Apr 1990. 29p purple Jan 1990. 34p slate blue Jan 1990. 37p red Jan 1990. 1st black Feb ...
Penny Black - The VR Official
... In addition to the general issue of the Penny Black, a similar stamp was produced with the letters V and R in the top corners replacing the stars, intended for official mail ... These trials led to the change from black to red stamps, and vice versa for the cancellations ...
Bertram Mc Gowan
... McGowan worked with Charles Nissen on the plating of the Penny Black and the Penny Red and was the co-author with Nissen of The Plating of the Penny Black ... McGowan and Nissen's work on the Penny Red formed the basis of the later work by J.B ... won a gold medal for his display of the Penny Red Die II at London ...
List Of Notable Postage Stamps - Current Political Entities - United Kingdom
... Penny Black - World's first postage stamp Penny Blue - Trial printings from a penny black plate Two pence blue - Issued for second rate step, at same time as ...

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